|Central coordinates||27o 15.00' East 51o 50.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||128 - 144m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The site is one of the Europe's largest natural bog, transition and fen mire complexes. It is located on the grounds of an active aviation military training area.
Key Biodiversity A total of 151 species have been recorded in the IBA, with 25 National Red Data Book species. Olmany wood and mire complex supports a considerable part (10-20%) of the national populations of Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa. One of the most valuable huntable birds breeds, Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, the Polesian population of which is much threatened.
Non-bird biodiversity: 26 mammal species occur on the site, including three National Red Data Book species. European Mink Mustela lutreola, a species threatened in Europe, was recorded here regularly until recently. The Stviga and Lva floodplains support one of the largest populations of Otter Lutra lutra. 687 plant species are found on the site, including 12 National Red Data Book species.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Stork Ciconia nigra||breeding||1995||10-20 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus||breeding||1995-2001||20-30 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus||breeding||1995||10-20 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||breeding||2001||20-30 breeding pairs||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Common Crane Grus grus||breeding||1995||30-40 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Great Snipe Gallinago media||breeding||1995||20 breeding pairs||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Strix aluco||resident||1995||100 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Not Recognised|
|Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo||resident||1995||5-6 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|2013||very high||not assessed||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Olmany Mires||Zakaznik||94,219||is identical to site||94,219|
|Olmany Mires Zakaznik||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||94,219||protected area contains site||94,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland||40%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs||44%|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Other urban and industrial areas||16%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status National Conservation Status: A national landscape zakaznik, established in 1998International Conservation Status: An IBA, established in 1998 (code BY018, criteria À1, Â2, Â3). Ramsar site designation was granted in 2001 (criteria 1, 2)
References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al'manskija baloty. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/03/2015
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