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Location Belarus, Brest
Central coordinates 27o 15.00' East  51o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 93,699 ha
Altitude 128 - 144m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Akhova Ptushak Belarusi



Site description The site is one of the Europe's largest natural bog, transition and fen mire complexes. It is located on the grounds of an active aviation military training area.

Key Biodiversity A total of 151 species have been recorded in the IBA, with 25 National Red Data Book species. Olmany wood and mire complex supports a considerable part (10-20%) of the national populations of Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa. One of the most valuable huntable birds breeds, Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, the Polesian population of which is much threatened.

Non-bird biodiversity: 26 mammal species occur on the site, including three National Red Data Book species. European Mink Mustela lutreola, a species threatened in Europe, was recorded here regularly until recently. The Stviga and Lva floodplains support one of the largest populations of Otter Lutra lutra. 687 plant species are found on the site, including 12 National Red Data Book species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1995-2001  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1995  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga breeding  2001  20-30 breeding pairs  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1995  30-40 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1995  20 breeding pairs  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Strix aluco resident  1995  100 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1995  5-6 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed low
unset
Unknown

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Olmany Mires Zakaznik 94,219 is identical to site 94,219  
Olmany Mires Zakaznik Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 94,219 protected area contains site 94,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  40%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs  44%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas  16%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military 80%
hunting 5%
forestry 15%

Protection status National Conservation Status: A national landscape zakaznik, established in 1998International Conservation Status: An IBA, established in 1998 (code BY018, criteria À1, Â2, Â3). Ramsar site designation was granted in 2001 (criteria 1, 2)

References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al'manskija baloty. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/12/2014

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