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Location Cyprus, Famagusta District,Kyrenia District,Nicosia District
Central coordinates 33o 32.00' East  35o 19.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 26,376 ha
Altitude 50 - 1,024m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary This site encompasses most of the Pentadaktylos range, which stretches along the north coast of the island. The steep slopes of the range are sparsely vegetated on the southern face but covered in scrub and mixed forest of pine and cypress on the wetter north-facing slopes. The site is of importance for many breeding forest birds including the Black-headed Bunting and the Bonelli’s Eagle and for its characteristic Mediterranean bird community. It is an Endemic Bird Area site, with significant populations of the endemic Cyprus Wheatear and Cyprus Warbler. 

Site description A long, narrow ridge of rocky mountains forming part of the Pentadactylos range, stretching from Kornos (946 m) to Pentadactylos peak (740 m) in the east. The mountains support a mixture of coniferous woodland, scrub, maquis and grassland. Human activities include forestry, and the grazing of goats and sheep in all suitable areas.

Key Biodiversity There are no recent accurate data on bird populations due to inaccessibility.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chukar Alectoris chukar breeding  2005-2011  2,000-8,000 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  2005-2011  5-7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2011  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  2005-2011  300-700 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Little Owl Athene noctua breeding  2005-2011  400-700 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  20-80 breeding pairs  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2005-2011  400-1,200 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B2, C6  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata breeding  2005-2011  1,000-2,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  1,000-4,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  10,000-15,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  2,500-5,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  200-300 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2011  500-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  40%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  50%
Grassland   minor
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  9%
Other   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 10%
agriculture 5%
tourism/recreation 5%
not utilised 80%

Protection status National Partial International NoneApproximately 15% of the IBA is included within Game Reserves.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pentadaktylos Mountains. Downloaded from on 04/05/2015

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