|Location||Curaçao (to Netherlands), Curaçao|
|Central coordinates||68o 39.02' West 11o 59.31' North|
|IBA criteria||A3, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Klein Curaçao is a small, flat, 1.7 km2 offshore reef island about 10 km to the east of Curaçao. The island was originally well-vegetated but was extensively mined for phosphate in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and overgrazed by livestock since the 1800s. As a consequence the island has been devoid of all trees and bushes for more than 100 years.Historically it was an important seabird nesting location and West Indian monk seal beach. Today it remains an important Least Tern nesting location with the potential for becoming an increasingly important tern and seabird nesting location now that feral goats and cats have been eliminated.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Least Tern Sternula antillarum||breeding||2002||286 breeding pairs||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Bare-eyed Pigeon Patagioenas corensis||resident||2007||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Shrubland||Arid lowland scrub||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Three species of endangered sea turtle (Loggerhead, Caretta caretta (Debrot, pers. obs. October 2005, Green turtle, Chelonia mydas, and Hawksbill, Eretmochelys imbricate) currently nest on the island, which constitutes the most important sea turtle nesting beach of the Curacao jurisdiction Debrot et al. 2005.
Protection status The island is legally designated as “open land” by Curaçao island ordinance and has no protected status. However, feral goats and cats have been eliminated which opens up the way for ecological recovery. A protected status for the island has been requested by Carmabi.
References Debrot et al.(2005);Debrot (2000)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Klein Curaçao, Curaçao. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2014
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