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Location El Salvador, La Paz,San Vicente,Usulután
Central coordinates 88o 45.10' West  13o 15.30' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 103,744 ha
Altitude 0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

SalvaNATURA (Affiliate)



Site description La IBA más grande de El Salvador, con un área total de 100,800 ha, que incluye una reserva de biosfera. El Complejo Bahía de Jiquilisco (65,000 ha, con unos 25,000 ha de manglar, extensas playas y playones, estuarios y algunos fragmentos de bosques secos y aluviales) fue declarado sitio Ramsar en Octubre 2005. El adyacente Estero de Jaltepeque tiene algunos 8000 ha más de manglar. Algunos de los valores más importantes para las aves están en los fragmentos de bosques que rodean la bahía y el estero, incluyendo Bosque Nancuchiname (1100 ha), donde vive especies como "Crane Hawk" (Geranospiza caerulescens), "Yellow-naped Parrot" (Amazona auropalliata) y un mamífero en crítico peligro de extinción, "Black-handed Spider Monkey" (Ateles geoffroyi vellerosus).

Key Biodiversity Alberga al menos seis sitios de anidación de aves acuáticas en manglar y tres en zonas de playones, con poblaciones reproducturas de "American Oystercatcher" (Haematopus palliatus), "Wilson's Plover" (Charadrius wilsonia), "Least Tern" (Sternulla antillarum) y "Black Skimmer" (Rynchops niger), estas últimas siendo posiblemente las únicas colonias en el Pacífico de Centroamérica.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-fronted Parakeet Eupsittula canicularis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Ground-cuckoo Morococcyx erythropygus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pacific Screech-owl Megascops cooperi resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Magpie-jay Calocitta formosa resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed high
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bahía de Jiquilisco Biosphere Reserve 100,159 protected area contained by site 100,159  
Chaparron o Chaguantique Protective Zone 54 unknown 0  
Complejo Bahía de Jiquilisco Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 63,500 protected area contained by site 63,500  
El Tercio Protective Zone 33 unknown 0  
La Calzada Protective Zone 27 unknown 0  
Nancuchiname:Mata de Pina, La Maroma, Porcion 5,6 National Park 797 unknown 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove; Tropical lowland evergreen; Tropical semi-deciduous  32%
Desert Semi-desert  minor
Grassland Low, seasonally wet  minor
Shrubland Arid lowland scrub  minor
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry & agro-industrial plantations; Other urban & industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards & groves  major
Other   minor
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools; Freshwater marshes & swamps; Saline & alkaline lakes  major

References Dicky & van Rossem. 1938. The birds of El Salvador. // Ibarra et al 2005. Diagnóstico de las colonias de anidación de aves acuáticas de la zona costera de El Salvador, América Central, MARN-FUNZEL-PZN-AECI. //Carranza, O. & R. Ibarra Portillo. 2005. Colonias de anidación en playones. Carta Informativa de MARN.// SalvaNATURA. 2007. Base de datos de Flora y Fauna (Aves). SalvaNATURA. San Salvador, El Salvador.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jiquilisco and Jaltepeque. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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