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Location El Salvador, Santa Ana
Central coordinates 89o 31.00' West  14o 16.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 8,347 ha
Altitude 400 - 760m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

SalvaNATURA (Affiliate)



Site description El IBA incluye 8,300 ha que comprenden el lago de Güija (3,377 ha), humedales, matorrales espinosos y bosques secos sobre lavas del Volcán de San Diego. El área es fronteriza con Guatemala, donde también hay hábitats naturales.

Key Biodiversity Un bosque aluvial peqeño (11 ha) contiene una colonia amplia (2500 nidos) de al menos 5 especies de aves acuáticas y el lago contiene la más grande colonia de anidación (17 nidos) de "Snail Kite" (Rostrhamus sociabilis) registrada en El Salvador hasta la fecha.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-fronted Parakeet Eupsittula canicularis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Ground-cuckoo Morococcyx erythropygus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pacific Screech-owl Megascops cooperi resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Magpie-jay Calocitta formosa resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Banded Wren Thryothorus pleurostictus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed high
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Complejo Laguna Güija Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 10,180 protected area overlaps with site 4,150  
Reserva de La Biosfera Trinacional La Fraternidad Other 0 protected area contains site 8,347  
San Diego La Barra, laguna, cerro, San felipe (12) National Park 1,867 protected area contained by site 1,867  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Tropical deciduous; Tropical lowland evergreen  25%
Grassland Low, seasonally wet  6%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban & industrial areas  27%
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools  40%

Protection status Parte de la IBA comprende el Parque Nacional San Diego y La Barra (aprox. 1700 ha), lo cual ha sido comanejado por el Centro de Protección de Desastres (CEPRODE) desde 1996.

Acknowledgements Luis Pineda y Néstor Herrera compartieron datos no publicados.

References PENDIENTES articulo de Pato Poc// Tesis de GG y JR. Mesoamericana.//Komar, O. & Rodríguez, W. 1995. Evaluación preliminar del hábitat y las aves del área natural San Diego y La Barra, El Salvador. In Avian diversity at El Imposible National Park and San Marcelino Wildlife Refuge, El Salvador. O. Komar & N. Herrera, eds. pp. 69-76. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York.//Herrera, N. et al. 2003. Conteo de Anatidos en Humedales de El Salvador, temporada 2002-2003. MARN-AECI.//Henríquez, V. & Vaquerano, R. 2008. Sphaerodactylus glaucus (Cope, 1865) (Sauria, Gekkonidae), nuevo registro para la herpetofauna de El Salvador. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 24: 237-238.//Greenbaum, E., Herrera, N., Ibarra Portillo, R., Komar, O., & Rivera, R. 2002. Geographic Distribution. Mesoscincus managuae. Herpetological Review 33: 322.// SalvaNATURA. 2007. Base de datos de Flora y Fauna (Aves). SalvaNATURA. San Salvador, El Salvador.//Herrera, N. 2005. First record of Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus in Guatemala. Cotinga. 24: 108.//Herrera, N. & Ibarra Portillo, R. 2005. Aves acuáticas del lago de Güija, El Salvador y Guatemala. Pato-Poc 2: 2-8.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: San Diego and La Barra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

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