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Location El Salvador, Chalatenango
Central coordinates 89o 4.77' West  14o 17.34' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 17,647 ha
Altitude 800 - 2,700m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

SalvaNATURA (Affiliate)



Site description El IBA mide más de 17,000 ha, y tiene extensiones importantes (12,000 ha) de bosque pino-roble y de bosque nebuloso. El bosque nebuloso en Cerro El Pital (también conocido en la literatura como Los Esesmiles) es colindante con el mismo habitat en Honduras. Por presencia de Bolitoglossa synoria, una salamandra endémica a este sitio, debe calificar como un sitio de la Alianza para Cero Extinciones (AZE por sus siglas en inglés).

Key Biodiversity El bosque pino-roble es hogar de invierno para el ave migratoria en peligro de extinción, "Golden-cheeked Warbler" (Dendroica chrysoparia). Además de especies amenazadas, tiene especies casi amenazadas: "Highland Guan" (Penelopina nigra) y "Resplendent Quetzal" (Pharomachrus mocinno). Sesenta-y-cinco porciento de las 45 especies indicadoras locales del bioma "Middle American Highlands" (MAH) han sido registradas en esta IBA, tanto como 53% de la comunidad nacional (19 especies) de aves endémicas de las zonas altas de Centroamérica (EBA 018).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Highland Guan Penelopina nigra resident  1926-2001  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
White-faced Quail-dove Zentrygon albifacies resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fulvous Owl Strix fulvescens resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Amethyst-throated Hummingbird Lampornis amethystinus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis viridipallens resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Wine-throated Hummingbird Atthis ellioti unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Jay Cyanolyca pumilo resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Swallow Notiochelidon pileata breeding  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Slate-coloured Solitaire Myadestes unicolor resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-collared Robin Turdus rufitorques resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Crescent-chested Warbler Parula superciliosa resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-cheeked Warbler Dendroica chrysoparia winter  2006  < 50 individuals  poor  A1  Endangered 
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-browed Warbler Basileuterus belli resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed low
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
El Pital Area de Protecci 1,400 unknown 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Gallery & riparian; Pine-oak  73%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban & industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards & groves  6%
Grassland   20%
Shrubland Scrub  1%

Protection status No hay áreas protegidas formalmente declaradas.

References Dicky & van Rossem. 1938. // Marshall, J. T. Jr. 1943. Additional information concerning the birds of El Salvador. Condor 45, 21-33. //SalvaNATURA. 2007. Base de datos de Flora y Fauna (Aves). SalvaNATURA. San Salvador, El Salvador.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: The Alotepeque Range. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

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