|Location||Antigua and Barbuda, Antigua|
|Central coordinates||61o 44.31' West 17o 2.16' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Bethesda Dam IBA is a man-made reservoir in the south-eastern part of the island, just north-west of Bethesda village. The reservoir is surrounded by grass and scrub covered hills to the west and south, and an agricultural area to the north. Bethesda Dam was constructed (by the government) in the 1970s to provide irrigation water for the agricultural area. Water levels vary, but during the rainy season the reservoir covers c.5 ha and provides good feeding and cover for waterbirds.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea||resident||2007||134 individuals||poor||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Fulica caribaea||resident||2007||110 individuals||poor||A1||Not Recognised|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||10 individuals||poor||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity This reservoir was one of the first places where an invasive alien species of reed was observed. The reed has since spread rapidly to other freshwater sites.
Acknowledgements Authors Joseph Prosper, Victor Joseph, Andrea Otto, Shanee Prosper (Environmental Awareness Group)
References Bacon, PR., (1991);Bunce, L., (1993);Caribbean Conservation Association. (1991);Lindsay, k. and Horwith, B. (1997);MacPherson, J. (1973);Martin-Kaye, P., (1969);Martin-Kaye, P., (1959);Pregill, GKD et al.(1994);Raffaele, H., et al. (1998); Spencer, W (1981)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bethesda Dam. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2014
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