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Location Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Central coordinates 58o 19.00' West  51o 52.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4iii
Area 3,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 30m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Falklands Conservation

Site description Fox Point camp, formerly an island, is largely maritime heathland surrounded by boulder beaches with some sandy coves. Fox Point to Bertha’s Beach is a typical example of Falkland coastal wetland habitat with a long, white sand beach bordered by extensive coastal dunes, many large freshwater ponds and brackish lagoons. To the landward side of Bertha’s Beach, Whitegrass plains are dominant. This area was one of the first two Ramsar sites to be declared in the Falklands and is located only a few kilometres from Mount Pleasant Airport. North-east of Bertha’s Beach, from Elephant Point to Pleasant Point is a large area of undulating coastal lowland with promontories and islands almost enclosing Kelp Lagoon. Elephant and Burnt Islands and the Kelp Islands are Crown land. There are very extensive kelp beds up to 2.5 miles (4 km) offshore from Elephant Point to Boat Point.

Key Biodiversity The coastal area and lagoon margins are particularly important for large congregations of migratory species. These include non-breeding summer visitors from the Canadian Arctic: White-rumped Sandpipers, Sanderlings and Hudsonian Godwits occur regularly in higher numbers than in other parts of the Falklands; Whimbrels, Ruddy Turnstones, Least Seedsnipe, Baird’s Sandpipers and several other rare visitors have been recorded, often associated with the resident Two-banded Plover, Rufouschested (Plover) Dotterel and both species of oystercatcher. The ponds, behind Bertha’s Beach and the dunes, support a variety of waterbirds: Black-necked Swans, Chiloe Wigeons, Patagonian Crested Ducks, Flying Steamer Ducks, Silver Teals, Yellow-billed Pintails, Speckled Teals (numerous) and both resident species of grebe breed. Coscoroba Swans, Red Shovelers, Snowy Egrets and Chilean Flamingos have all occurred irregularly.

Non-bird biodiversity: The northern Kelp Islands hold a breeding population of Southern Sea Lions, with 165 pups in 2002, which was the largest number found at any colony in the Falklands during that year. The site is not known to hold any breeding populations of Southern Elephant Seals. A small colony of Southern Sea Lions breeds on Direction Island just off Bertha’s Beach, and Peale’s Dolphins Lagenorhynchus australis can often be seen from the shore, playing in the surf. No comprehensive botanical studies have taken place in this IBA except in the Ramsar site, where 77 species of flowering plants were recorded in 1997 and the rare Dusen’s Moonwort Botrychium dusenii was found on the greens.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falkland Steamerduck Tachyeres brachypterus breeding  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps breeding  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua breeding  2000-2001  496 breeding pairs  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus breeding  2005  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
White-bridled Finch Melanodera melanodera breeding  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2006  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bertha's Beach Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 4,000 protected area contained by site 3,300  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline   major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bertha's Beach, East Falkland. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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