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Location Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Central coordinates 59o 22.00' West  52o 20.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4ii
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 18m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Falklands Conservation



Site description Bull Point, at the southernmost tip of East Falkland, is low lying. The habitat is varied, comprising maritime heath in the higher areas, with a variety of rocky and sandy beaches on the coast. There are extensive dune systems covering much of the southern point. Wide areas of coastal greens interspersed with permanent and seasonal pools provide habitat for wading birds and waterfowl. There is scattered Tussac at Porpoise Point and also on small islands immediately offshore. The site is managed as part of a working farm and it has been grazed for many years. The tip of the point has recently been completely cleared of stock, and fencing improved to prevent accidental access. This has undoubtedly led to an improvement in the quality and diversity of the fl

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falkland Steamerduck Tachyeres brachypterus breeding  2000-2001  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps breeding  2000-2001  65 breeding pairs  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua breeding  2000-2001  4,784 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, A4ii  Near Threatened 
Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus breeding  2000-2001  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
White-bridled Finch Melanodera melanodera breeding  2000-2001  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline   major

Other biodiversity There is a small breeding colony of Southern Sea Lions on the far eastern point, which produces fewer than five pups each year. The area is also a major haul-out site for Southern Sea Lions and Southern Elephant Seals. The plants have been fairly well surveyed: 101 species were recorded, including Dusen’s Moonwort Botrychium dusenii, a vulnerable and legally protected native fern that is only known to occur in two other localities in the Falklands. Another interesting plant is Southern Dock Rumex magellanicus. In addition there are four endemic plants here: Clubmoss Cudweed Chevreulia lycopodioides, Lady’s Slipper Calceolaria fothergillii, Coastal Nassauvia Nassauvia gaudichaudii, and Vanilla Daisy Leucheria suaveolens.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bull Point, East Falkland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

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