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Location Dominica, Parish of St. David,Parish of St. George,Parish of St. Patrick
Central coordinates 61o 19.52' West  15o 21.59' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 6,485 ha
Altitude 152 - 1,424m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description The Morne Trois Pitons National Park is the largest of Dominica’s three national parks, and comprises some of the best remaining examples of volcanic island ecosystems in the Caribbean. The park protects active volcanic and geothermal areas, mountains, clear streams, various forms of wild fauna (including Dominica’s two Amazona parrot species), and various types of tropical forest for conservation, educational, scientific, recreational and scenic purposes. Morne Trois Pitons, with a height of 1,424m and named by the island’s early French settlers for its three prominent peaks, is the second highest mountain on Dominica. The Park is 64.7km2 and starts at approximately 152m elevation at the lowest point in the southeast to 1,424m at the summits of Morne Trois Pitons. The Park was established in July 1975 under the National Parks and Protected Areas Act and contains some 6,475 hectares of state-owned lands. John D. Archbold donated another 375 hectares to be included as the Archbold Preserve. The Morne Trois Pitons National Park was enlisted by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997, and was formally inscribed the following year. Some of the natural attractions within the Park include: the Emerald Pool, Freshwater Lake, Boeri Lake, Boiling Lake and the Valley of Desolation, and Middleham Falls. There are several communities located in close proximity to the western, southwestern and southeastern boundaries of the Morne Trois Pitons National Park, and these include: Eggleston, Cochrane, Grand Fond, Laudat, Giraudel, Petite Savanne and Bagatelle.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Imperial Amazon Amazona imperialis resident  2007  < 50 individuals  good  A1, A2  Endangered 
Red-necked Amazon Amazona arausiaca resident  2007  200-500 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Hummingbird Cyanophaia bicolor resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Forest Thrush Turdus lherminieri resident  2007  100 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Plumbeous Warbler Dendroica plumbea resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Morne Trois Pitons National Park 6,872 is identical to site 0  
Morne Trois Pitons National Park World Heritage Site 6,857 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Other flora found in the Morne Trois Pitons National Park include (Symphonia globulifera) Mang Blan, (Licania ternatensis) Bwa Dyab, (Tovomita plumieri) Mang Rouge, (Cyrilla racemiflora) Bwa Rouge, (Chimarhis cymosa) Bwa Riviere, (Richeria grandis) Bwa Bandé, (Talauma dodecapetala) Bwa Pen, (Clusia mangle) Kaklen, (Euterpe broadwayi and (Prestoea acuminate) Palmiste, (Cyathea spp.) Tree Fern and the endemic bromeliad (Pitcairnia micotrinensis). Fauna species include several of Dominica’s twelve species of Bats, Agouti (Dasyprocta leporine), Opossum (Didelphys marsupialis insularis), Boa Constrictor (Constrictor constrictor nebulosa) and at least two other snake species Kouwès nwè (Alsophis antillensis sibonius) and Kouwès jengá (Liophis juliae juliae), the endemic Tree Lizard (Anolis oculatus), Hercules Beetle (Dynastes hercules Hercules) and an endemic tink frog Eleutherodactylus amplinympha.

Protection status The Morne Trois Pitons National Park is the largest of Dominica’s three national parks. The Park was established in July 1975 under the National Parks and Protected Areas Act and contains some 6,475 hectares of state-owned lands. John D. Archbold donated another 375 hectares to be included as the Archbold Preserve. The Morne Trois Pitons National Park was enlisted by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997, and was formally inscribed the following year.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Caribbean Conservation Association, et al. 1991. Dominica Environmental Profile. James, A., Durand, S., and Jno. Baptiste, B. 2005. Dominica’s Birds Lack, J. Andrew, et al, .1997. Dominica Illustrated Flora Raffaele, H. et al, 1997. A Guide to Birds of the West Indies Zamore, M. P. 2000. The Wildlife of Dominica

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Morne Trois Pitons National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014

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