|Location||Dominica, Parish of St. David,Parish of St. George,Parish of St. Patrick|
|Central coordinates||61o 19.52' West 15o 21.59' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||152 - 1,424m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Ornithological information This MTPNP supports one endangered and one vulnerable species of Parrot (Amazona imperialis and A. arausiaca respectively), and 15 restricted-range species. Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia), Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina), Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica striata), Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis), and Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) are the more common migrant species seen within the Freshwater Lake area. The Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea), Yellow-crowned Night Heron ( Nyctanassa violaceus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus), Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors), Northern Shoveler (
Site description The Morne Trois Pitons National Park is the largest of Dominica’s three national parks, and comprises some of the best remaining examples of volcanic island ecosystems in the Caribbean. The park protects active volcanic and geothermal areas, mountains, clear streams, various forms of wild fauna (including Dominica’s two Amazona parrot species), and various types of tropical forest for conservation, educational, scientific, recreational and scenic purposes. Morne Trois Pitons, with a height of 1,424m and named by the island’s early French settlers for its three prominent peaks, is the second highest mountain on Dominica. The Park is 64.7km2 and starts at approximately 152m elevation at the lowest point in the southeast to 1,424m at the summits of Morne Trois Pitons. The Park was established in July 1975 under the National Parks and Protected Areas Act and contains some 6,475 hectares of state-owned lands. John D. Archbold donated another 375 hectares to be included as the Archbold Preserve. The Morne Trois Pitons National Park was enlisted by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997, and was formally inscribed the following year. Some of the natural attractions within the Park include: the Emerald Pool, Freshwater Lake, Boeri Lake, Boiling Lake and the Valley of Desolation, and Middleham Falls. There are several communities located in close proximity to the western, southwestern and southeastern boundaries of the Morne Trois Pitons National Park, and these include: Eggleston, Cochrane, Grand Fond, Laudat, Giraudel, Petite Savanne and Bagatelle.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-necked Amazon Amazona arausiaca||resident||2007||200-500 individuals||medium||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Imperial Amazon Amazona imperialis||resident||2007||-||good||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Blue-headed Hummingbird Cyanophaia bicolor||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Forest Thrush Turdus lherminieri||resident||2007||100 individuals||medium||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Plumbeous Warbler Dendroica plumbea||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Morne Trois Pitons||National Park||6,872||is identical to site||0|
|Morne Trois Pitons National Park||World Heritage Site||6,857||is identical to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Other biodiversity Other flora found in the Morne Trois Pitons National Park include (Symphonia globulifera) Mang Blan, (Licania ternatensis) Bwa Dyab, (Tovomita plumieri) Mang Rouge, (Cyrilla racemiflora) Bwa Rouge, (Chimarhis cymosa) Bwa Riviere, (Richeria grandis) Bwa Bandé, (Talauma dodecapetala) Bwa Pen, (Clusia mangle) Kaklen, (Euterpe broadwayi and (Prestoea acuminate) Palmiste, (Cyathea spp.) Tree Fern and the endemic bromeliad (Pitcairnia micotrinensis). Fauna species include several of Dominica’s twelve species of Bats, Agouti (Dasyprocta leporine), Opossum (Didelphys marsupialis insularis), Boa Constrictor (Constrictor constrictor nebulosa) and at least two other snake species Kouwès nwè (Alsophis antillensis sibonius) and Kouwès jengá (Liophis juliae juliae), the endemic Tree Lizard (Anolis oculatus), Hercules Beetle (Dynastes hercules Hercules) and an endemic tink frog Eleutherodactylus amplinympha.
Management considerations Volcanic Eruptions: The fact that the MTPNP encompasses one of the more active volcanic centres on Dominica, gives rise to high future volcanic eruption that will impact on the birds’ habitat and food source. Deforestation: there is small scale illegal agricultural farming activity in the areas where the birds inhabit and if allowed to continue will impact on population size of both species and food source. Habitat loss: There is much concern of loss of habitat due to agricultural expansion which impacts on availability of nesting trees and food for both parrot species. Hurricanes: Dominica like the other Eastern Caribbean Islands lies in the path of hurricane belt and as a result are vulnerable to hurricanes and tropical storm strikes annually. Some of these storms impact on nest cavities and food source of both species of parrots.
Protection status The Morne Trois Pitons National Park is the largest of Dominica’s three national parks. The Park was established in July 1975 under the National Parks and Protected Areas Act and contains some 6,475 hectares of state-owned lands. John D. Archbold donated another 375 hectares to be included as the Archbold Preserve. The Morne Trois Pitons National Park was enlisted by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997, and was formally inscribed the following year.
Conservation response Research is ongoing on Dominica’s two parrot species within the MTPNP in collaboration with the Rare Species Foundation (RSCF) based in Florida. There is also ongoing research on the Tink frogs (Eleutherodactylus amplinympha, E. martinicensis) within the area of Freshwater Lake and along the Boeri Lake Trail and the Morne Trois Pitons Trail by Forestry, Wildlife and Parks Division in collaboration with MoAFE and Zoological Society of London (ZSL). The MTPNP is managed primarily by the Forestry, Wildlife and Parks Division. Various forms of short-term research on wild flora, fauna and geology are conducted in the park by overseas-based institutions. The Seismic Research Unit of the University of the West Indies/Trinidad is also conducting ongoing research on volcanic and seismic activity in the park. Plans are ongoing to develop sites within the park for nature tourism, and the Freshwater Lake is currently being utilized by a community group to provide recreational boating and kayaking services.
References Caribbean Conservation Association, et al. 1991. Dominica Environmental Profile. James, A., Durand, S., and Jno. Baptiste, B. 2005. Dominica’s Birds Lack, J. Andrew, et al, .1997. Dominica Illustrated Flora Raffaele, H. et al, 1997. A Guide to Birds of the West Indies Zamore, M. P. 2000. The Wildlife of Dominica
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Morne Trois Pitons National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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