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Location Dominica, Parish of St. Andrew,Parish of St. John,Parish of St. Joseph,Parish of St. Peter
Central coordinates 61o 23.48' West  15o 30.06' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 3,360 ha
Altitude 579 - 1,447m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description Morne Diablotin National Park (MDNP) is located within one of the northern mountain ranges and boasts the tallest mountain peak Morne Diablotin (1447m) on Dominica. The MDNP was established in January 2000, the first park to be established in the new millennium and covers some 3,335.4 hectares, between the 579m elevation and 1447m elevation. The MDNP primary function is to specifically provide habitat for Dominica’s two endemic Amazona parrots. Private lands are located mainly on the north, northwestern and southwestern boundaries of the park and used strictly for agricultural holdings. Human settlements are more than 10km away on the western coastal region.

Key Biodiversity This site supports one endangered and one vulnerable species of parrots, and 15 restricted- range species. Black-throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens), Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrine), Black-and-White Warbler (Mniotilta varia), and Merlin (Falco columbarius) are the more common migrant species seen at that site. The Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) and Yellow-crowned night Heron (Nycticorax violaceus) are the more frequently seen waterbirds in the park.

Non-bird biodiversity: Other flora found in the Morne Diablotin National Park is Mang Blan (Symphonia globulifera), Mang Rouge (Tovomita plumieri), Bwa Rouge (Cyrilla racemiflora), Bwa Riviere (Chimarhis cymosa), Bwa Bandé (Richeria grandis), Bwa Cote (Tapura latifolia), Bwa Pen (Talauma dodecapetala), Kaklen (Clusia mangle), and Palmiste (Euterpe broadwayi) and (Prestoea acuminate). Fauna species include Feral Pigs (Sus scrofa), several species of bats, Agouti (Dasyprocta leporine), Opossum (Didelphys marsupialis insularis), Boa Constrictor (Constrictor constrictor nebulosis), the Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delacatissima), Tree Lizard (Anolis oculatus), the pigmy gecko (Sphaerodactylus vincenti) and other lizard species, the Dominican tink frog (Eleutherodactylus amplinympha), and several species of freshwater fish and crustaceans.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Imperial Amazon Amazona imperialis resident  2007  50-80 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Endangered 
Red-necked Amazon Amazona arausiaca resident  2007  500 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Hummingbird Cyanophaia bicolor resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Forest Thrush Turdus lherminieri resident  2007  100 individuals  good  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Plumbeous Warbler Dendroica plumbea resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Morne Diablotin National Park 3,450 protected area contains site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
agriculture minor

Protection status The Northern Forest Reserve and Central Forest Reserve are in close proximity to the Morne Diablotin National Park. Actually the Northern Forest Reserve bounds with the MDNP in the east, northeast and south boundaries.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References CCA, et al. 1991. Dominica Environmental Profile. James, A., Durand, S., and Jno. Baptiste, B. 2005. Dominica’s Birds Lack, J. Andrew, et al, .1997. Dominica Illustrated Flora Raffaele, H. et al, 1997. A Guide to Birds of the West Indies Zamore, Michael P. 2000. The Wildlife of Dominica.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Morne Diablotin National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife