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Location Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Central coordinates 60o 47.00' West  51o 35.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 880 ha
Altitude 0 - 75m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Falklands Conservation



Site description Second Passage Island, by far the largest of this group, is over 5.6 miles (9 km) from east to west and up to 1.2 miles (2 km) wide. There are cliffs up to 30 m high of very unstable decaying rock strata around most of the coast. The highest point is Sixtus Hill at 75 m in the eastern half of the island. A small sheltered bay provides the only safe landing near the centre of the northern coast. There is considerable ‘black ground’ above the cliffs and especially behind the old woolshed at the northern inlet where the valley is full of decomposed peat dust, indicating that much of the vegetation has been over-grazed in the past. Tussac is restricted to steep rocky slopes, the western point and the cliffs along the northern shore. There are several ponds, some of which are seasonal and shallow but one, with thriving vegetation, provides feeding grounds for wading birds and waterfowl. Third and Fourth Passage Islands are just 800 m apart and both are low lying, rising to just over 30 m. They are covered with dense Tussac, except for a coastal strip on Fourth Passage and a central area of grassland on Third Passage Island. Both islands were stocked briefly with cattle during the 1960s; since then they have been ungrazed. All three islands are free of introduced predators.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falkland Steamerduck Tachyeres brachypterus breeding  1997  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua breeding  1995  300 breeding pairs  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Southern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome breeding  2000-2001  145 breeding pairs  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Southern Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus breeding  2005  unknown  A1  Least Concern 
Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis breeding  1997  6 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Blackish Cinclodes Cinclodes antarcticus breeding  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Cobb's Wren Troglodytes cobbi breeding  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline   major
Grassland   -

Other biodiversity Six adult Southern Sea Lions were noted on Second Passage Island during the 2003 census, and Third Passage Island held a total of 80 Southern Sea Lions, which included 30 pups. A total of 30 species of flowering plants was recorded on Second Passage Island in November 1997, including both endemic ragworts, Coastal Nassauvia Nassauvia gaudichaudii and Lady’s Slipper Calceolaria fothergillii. Despite being heavily grazed, there were only three species of introduced plants, possibly because the island lies to the west of West Falkland.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Passage Islands Group. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

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