|Location||Falkland Islands (Malvinas)|
|Central coordinates||60o 55.00' West 52o 10.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 107m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description Bird Island is located 3 miles (4.5 km) off the south-western coast of West Falkland and is roughly triangular in shape. The western half of the southern coast has sheer cliffs reaching at least 70 m and the plateau above slopes gently to the north and west. In the centre of the island there is a large seasonal pool, to the west of a small inlet. The eastern promontory has two domed peaks reaching to at least 110 m with sheer southern cliffs of 30 m and very steep slopes in the north. Access by boat is difficult, except at the small north-east-facing inlet between the northern and eastern promontories, and the terrain is difficult to cross, with dense growth of Tussac above thick, soft peat and Tussac overhanging deep gulches.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Southern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome||breeding||2000-2001||7,900 breeding pairs||unknown||A1||Vulnerable|
|Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris||breeding||2000-2001||10,200 breeding pairs||unknown||A1, A4ii||Near Threatened|
|Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea||breeding||2000||20 breeding pairs||unknown||A1||Near Threatened|
|Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis||breeding||1998||50 breeding pairs||unknown||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Blackish Cinclodes Cinclodes antarcticus||breeding||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Cobb's Wren Troglodytes cobbi||breeding||2005||unknown||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - seabirds||breeding||2005||20,000-49,999 breeding pairs||unknown||A4ii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Bird Island||Nature Reserve||120||is identical to site||120|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity There are two colonies of South American Fur Seals present on Bird Island, one of about 100 individuals on the northern coast, the second on the south-western coast, comprising approximately 10,000 individuals: the largest South American Fur Seal colony within the Falklands archipelago. The island also provides a haul-out for Southern Sea Lions, although they are not known to breed there. No endemic or introduced species were recorded in 1998; only 12 native flowering plants were found with Tussac predominant.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bird Island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014
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