|Location||Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)|
|Central coordinates||68o 16.85' West 12o 14.36' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3, B4i|
|Altitude||0 - 45m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Area extending along coast inland to escarpments from Washikemba in the south to Playa Grandi in the north and including the natural springs and cliffs of Fontein and the cliffs and intermittent ponds at Washikemba, Onima dam, and inland from Playa Grandi. There is very limited human settlement in this area as it is generally on the more barren northeastern side of the island but it does include a number of sites of cultural and historic significance with ancient inscriptions of the original pre-European aboriginal inhabitants of Bonaire.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fulica caribaea||resident||2007||246 individuals||poor||A1||Not Recognised|
|Least Tern Sternula antillarum||breeding||2002||452 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Bare-eyed Pigeon Patagioenas corensis||resident||2007||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-shouldered Amazon Amazona barbadensis||winter||2007||100 individuals||poor||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2007||20 individuals||poor||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Protection status None currently in protected areas but approximately half of the area is within regions recommended for status as “Island Park” or “Protected Landscape” in the Bonaire Nature Management Plan 1999-2004.
References Ligon (2005);De Freitas et al (2005);Debrot et al. (2006);Island Resource Foundation (no date); Prins, T.G. & Nijman, V. (2005);Prins et al. (2005);Voous(1983);Wells, J. V. and A. C. Wells (2006);Williams, S. (2003)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Washikemba - Fontein - Onima, Bonaire. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014
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