email a friend
printable version
Location Belize, Cayo,Stann Creek,Toledo
Central coordinates 88o 46.11' West  16o 46.65' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 643,963 ha
Altitude 5 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Belize Audubon Society



Site description This IBA encompasses various large terrestrial protected areas in Belize. It is comprised of the Sibun, Vaca, Chiquibul, Maya Mountain, Sittee River, Columbia River, Manatee, Deep River and Mountain Pine ridge Forest Reserves. It includes the following 7 national parks: Five Blues Lake, St. Herman’s and Blue Hole, Billy Barquedeer, Nojkaaxmeen Eligio Panti, Mayflower Bocawina and Payne’s Creek. Three Archaeological Reserves, Barton Creek, Caves Branch and Caracol, are included. Additional protected areas within this IBA include the Bladen Nature Reserve, Victoria Peak and Thousand Foot Falls Natural Monuments and the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary. There are also three private reserves within this IBA: Golden Stream, Block 127 and Runaway Creek.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula resident  1990-2007  50,000-99,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Great Curassow Crax rubra resident  1990-2007  1,000-2,499 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-throated Bobwhite Colinus nigrogularis resident  1990-2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata resident  1987-2007  1,000-2,499 individuals  good  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black Solitary Eagle Buteogallus solitarius resident  1990-2007  < 50 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Yellow-lored Amazon Amazona xantholora resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Yucatan Poorwill Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus passage  1990-2007  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Campylopterus curvipennis resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Keel-billed Motmot Electron carinatum resident  1989-2007  250-999 individuals  good  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Yucatan Woodpecker Melanerpes pygmaeus resident  1990-2007  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Manakin Manacus candei resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Lovely Cotinga Cotinga amabilis resident  1990-2007  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum resident  1990-2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax passage  1990-2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Yucatan Flycatcher Myiarchus yucatanensis resident  1990-2007  50-249 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Yucatan Vireo Vireo magister resident  2007  50-249 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Northern Nightingale-wren Microcerculus philomela resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Slate-coloured Solitaire Myadestes unicolor resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera passage  1990-2007  50-249 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Golden-cheeked Warbler Dendroica chrysoparia passage  1990-2007  50-249 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea passage  1990-2007  50-249 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma resident  1990-2007  50,000-99,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Shrike-tanager Lanio aurantius resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi resident  1990-2007  10,000-19,999 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster resident  1990-2007  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Actun Tunichil Muknal Natural Monument 185 protected area overlaps with site 185  
Barton Creek Archaelogical Reserve 1 protected area overlaps with site 1  
Billy Barquedeer National Park 663 protected area overlaps with site 607  
Bladen Nature Reserve 40,412 protected area overlaps with site 40,339  
Caracol Archaelogical Reserve 10,340 protected area overlaps with site 10,117  
Caves Branch Archaelogical Reserve 6 protected area overlaps with site 6  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve 59,822 protected area overlaps with site 59,854  
Chiquibul National Park 106,839 protected area overlaps with site 107,348  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary 49,477 protected area overlaps with site 35,180  
Columbia River Forest Reserve 60,016 protected area overlaps with site 41,659  
Deep River Forest Reserve 27,232 protected area overlaps with site 31,798  
Five Blues Lake National Park 1,644 protected area overlaps with site 1,643  
Manatee Forest Reserve 36,576 protected area overlaps with site 3,300  
Maya Mountain Forest Reserve 16,888 protected area overlaps with site 51,846  
Mayflower Bocawina National Park 2,868 protected area overlaps with site 2,876  
Mountain Pine Ridge Forest Reserve 43,372 protected area overlaps with site 51,477  
Nojkaaxmeen Eligio Panti National Park 5,131 protected area overlaps with site 5,235  
Sibun Forest Reserve 32,848 protected area overlaps with site 42,966  
Sittee River Forest Reserve 37,359 protected area overlaps with site 37,938  
St. Herman's Blue Hole National Park 269 protected area overlaps with site 269  
Tapir Mountain Nature Reserve 2,549 protected area overlaps with site 2,729  
Thousand Foot Falls Natural Monument 522 protected area overlaps with site 522  
Vaca Forest Reserve 14,118 protected area overlaps with site 21,187  
Victoria Peak Natural Monument 1,959 protected area overlaps with site 1,962  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   2%
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Forest Mangrove  89%
Shrubland   9%

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Maya Mountains and southern reserves. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife