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Location Turkmenistan, Lebap
Central coordinates 65o 6.21' East  37o 31.52' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 85,488 ha
Altitude 180 - 251m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description In the 1980s, the waters of the Amudarya began to flood into the southeastern part of the Kelif Uzboy (Uzynshor depression) and construction of the Zeyit water reservoir began. The IBA is located to the west of the city of Atamyrat.

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The IBA is a typical wetland providing favourable conditions for waterfowl and waterbirds, especially during migration and in winter. Criterion А1 applies for: Pelecanus crispus, Aythya nyroca and Oxyura leucocephala. One additional A1 species has been recorded which does not meet the qualifying level - Marmaronetta angustirostris. Criterion А4iii applies as waterfowl and waterbird numbers on migration and in winter reach more than 20,000 individuals.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 40 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 30 species, and mammals – more 30 species. Flora: – hydrophilic vegetation: Tamarix, Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola. A few species of saxaul (Haloxylon).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2007  14,385 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2007  3,786 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  2007  9,091 individuals  good  A4i  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  2007  3-35 individuals  good  A1  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2007  1-3 individuals  good  A1  Endangered 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2007  17-48 individuals  good  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 not assessed not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kelif Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve 103,000 protected area overlaps with site 22,227  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   5%
Wetlands (inland)   95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 15%
water management 80%

Protection status Not protected.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian) Shirekov R. (1990). Rare and little-studied of Anseriformes. Rare and little-studied birds of Central Asia. Tashkent. Uzbekistan (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zeyit - Kelif. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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