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Location Turkmenistan, Balkan
Central coordinates 54o 44.47' East  40o 58.17' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 157,613 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA covers a 150 km section of the southwest scarp of the Ustyurt plateau, from Garabogazgol Bay and 50 km to the southeast along a low ridge known as "Ersary-baba mountain".

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 200 species. Rare migrants listed in the Red Data Book of Turkmenistan (1999) are: Aquila chrysaetos, Falco cherrug, Bubo bubo, Haliaeetus leucoryphus, Circaetus gallicus and Buteo buteo. Criterion А1 applies for: Aquila heliaca, Falco naumanni,Circus macrourus and Falco cherrug.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals - more than 40 species, half from which are rodents (20 species), the others are predators (8), chiropterans (5), insectivores (4), ungulates (2). Reptile are represented by 30 species. Flora: more 370 species of higher plants have been recorded. The vegetation in the depressions is represented by halophytes and salsolas. Fixed sand support a few species of Calligonum and the rare Salsola richteri and Xaloxylon sp.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  2003-2007  20-32 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2007 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   15%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Rocky areas   80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military 5%
not utilised 90%
unknown 5%

Protection status Not protected.

References Atamuradov, H.I. (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. - Vol.1. – Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ersarybaba - Akkyr. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife