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Location Antigua and Barbuda, Antigua
Central coordinates 61o 47.47' West  17o 1.43' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 669 ha
Altitude 50 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Christian Valley IBA is in south-west Antigua, in the volcanic Shekerly Mountains. The valley lies to the north of Boggy Peak (Antigua’s highest mountain). It is surrounded to the south and east by this peak and Sage Hill, with Mount McNish to the north-east. Walling’s Forest IBA (AG008) is c.4 km to the east of Boggy Peak. The entrance to Christian Valley is from the road between Jennings and Bolans. Along the entrance road is the ruin of the colonial Blubber Valley sugar estate house (now surrounded by a chicken farm). The Christian Valley estate house lies at the end of the road. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the surrounding hills served as a refuge for escaped African slaves (“maroons”). Maroon trails are still used by foresters and farmers.

Key Biodiversity This IBA is significant for supporting populations of nine (of the 11) Lesser Antilles EBA restricted-range birds that occur in Antigua. Within Antigua, some of these species (Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mystacea, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher M. fuscatus and Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica) are entirely confined to the Christian Valley and Walling’s Forest IBA (AG008) ecosystem. A significant population of the Near Threatened White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala also occurs at this IBA.

Non-bird biodiversity: No Globally Threatened or endemic species have been recorded, but the area has a diverse flora and insect fauna. Seven bat species (including Antillean fruit-eating bat Brachyphylla cavernarum and greater bulldog bat Noctilio leporinus) have been documented.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  50 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mystacea resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2007  10 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2007  350 individuals  poor  A2  Not Recognised 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Tropical lowland evergreen  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
energy production and mining -

Acknowledgements Authors Joseph Prosper, Victor Joseph, Andrea Otto, Shanee Prosper (Environmental Awareness Group)

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Bacon, PR., (1991);Bunce, L., (1993);Caribbean Conservation Association. (1991);Lindsay, k. and Horwith, B. (1997);MacPherson, J. (1973);Martin-Kaye, P., (1969);Martin-Kaye, P., (1959);Pregill, GKD et al.(1994);Raffaele, H., et al. (1998); Spencer, W (1981)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Christian Valley. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife