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Location Turkmenistan, Lebap
Central coordinates 65o 31.46' East  38o 59.49' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 167,701 ha
Altitude 245 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is situated in the Dostluk district and covers the Tallymerjen massif. The IBA consists of two parts: in the northwest from the Amudarya – Tallymerjen railway for 5 km and in the southeast from the railway for 25 km. The landscape-ecological conditions are characteristic of the subzone loessial foothill plain (the Hissar mountains). The acutely continental climate with some subtropical features is characteristic of the region. It comprises of a long hot summer and short winter with little snow.

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of IBA the includes 200 species, of which more than 30% nest. 18 species listed in the Red Data Book of Turkmenistan (1999) occur. The IBA qualifies under criterion А1 for Tetrax tetrax. Other A1 species that occur but which do not reach qualifying levels are Aegypius monachus, Aquila heliaca, Circus macrourus, Falco naumanni, Falco cherrug, Chlamydotis undulata and Coracias garrulus. Criterion А4iii applies for the number of passage and winter waterbirds.

Non-bird biodiversity: Amphibians - green toad and lake frog. Reptiles – not less than 24 species. (Turtle - 1, lizards - 15, snakes - 8 species). Mammals - 36 species. Insectivores - 4, bats - 4, lagomorphs - 1, rodents – 19, predators - 6. Ungulates are represented by 2 species: wild boar and gazelle. Vegetation - on unploughed areas, communities of Halocnemum strobilaceum with ephemerals: Malcolmia, Leptaleum, Crepis, Matricaria, Tetracme, etc.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2007  28-5,182 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  2007  90-6,010 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax winter  2007  1-150 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  2007  150-5,164 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   50%
Artificial - terrestrial   50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 100%

Protection status Not protected.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Shirekov R. (1994). Waterfowl and some water birds of East Turkmenistan. (PhD. Thesis).Ashgabat.(in Russian) .

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tallymerjen. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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