|Central coordinates||64o 11.41' East 38o 47.28' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||180 - 300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The IBA comprises the system of lakes Soltandag-Kyzylburun-Tajlak formed on the right bank of the middle course of the Amudarya river as a result of flooding of the collector-drainage waters to the solonchak depression, arriving from the Karshinsky agricultural area of Uzbekistan from the Mehedjan collector channel. The lakes are inter-connected by spillway adjustable channels. The IBA is located between the river Amudarya and the border with Uzbekistan. The northern and eastern shore of Soltandag-Kyzylburun-Tajlak lakes is steep bank, the southern and western sloping.
Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species, of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The majority of them occur during spring-autumn migration and in winter.
Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 40 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 30 species and mammals – about 42 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Tamarix, Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||2007||630-14,206 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||2007||75-11,075 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2007||32 individuals||medium||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2007||20,000-30,981 individuals||good||A4iii|
|2007||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Not protected.
References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Shirekov R. (1994). Waterfowl and some water birds of East Turkmenistan. (PhD. Thesis).Ashgabat. (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Soltandag - Gyzylburun. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014
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