email a friend
printable version
Location Turkmenistan, Lebap
Central coordinates 64o 11.41' East  38o 47.28' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 11,695 ha
Altitude 180 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA comprises the system of lakes Soltandag-Kyzylburun-Tajlak formed on the right bank of the middle course of the Amudarya river as a result of flooding of the collector-drainage waters to the solonchak depression, arriving from the Karshinsky agricultural area of Uzbekistan from the Mehedjan collector channel. The lakes are inter-connected by spillway adjustable channels. The IBA is located between the river Amudarya and the border with Uzbekistan. The northern and eastern shore of Soltandag-Kyzylburun-Tajlak lakes is steep bank, the southern and western sloping.

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species, of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The majority of them occur during spring-autumn migration and in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 40 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 30 species and mammals – about 42 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Tamarix, Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2007  630-14,206 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2007  75-11,075 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2007  32 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  20,000-30,981 individuals  good  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 high not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   5%
Wetlands (inland)   95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 60%
hunting 25%
tourism/recreation 5%
water management 10%

Protection status Not protected.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Shirekov R. (1994). Waterfowl and some water birds of East Turkmenistan. (PhD. Thesis).Ashgabat. (in Russian).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Soltandag - Gyzylburun. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife