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Location Turkmenistan, Mary
Central coordinates 61o 19.29' East  37o 10.20' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 39,032 ha
Altitude 150 - 210m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (Country programme)

Site description The Khankhovuz water reservoir was constructed between 1962 and 1966. It is one of the main bulk water reservoirs in the Garagumdarya zone. The IBA is located 65 km to the southeast of Tedjen city and southwest of Mary city.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2007  33 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  2007  4,008 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2007  1,700 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  min 20,000  medium  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   5%
Wetlands (inland)   95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 70%
hunting 10%
tourism/recreation 5%
water management 15%

Other biodiversity Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species, and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum L., Haloxylon persicum, H.aphyllum.

Protection status Not protected.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Rustamov, E.A., Poslavskiy, A.N. (1990). Geography, ecology and protection of wintering of waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Nature protection in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. p. 56-100. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khankhovuz. Downloaded from on 24/10/2014

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