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Location Turkmenistan, Mary
Central coordinates 61o 4.32' East  38o 37.32' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 93,573 ha
Altitude 50 - 180m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The Jarsay - Khangui IBA is situated in the Central Karakum and is formed from drainage waters from the Jarsay and Khangui collectors. The IBA is located 120-130 km to the north of Mary city. The IBA consists of alternating flooded depressions and raised areas of ridge-hilly sands.

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species, of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The IBA's wetlands, situated in the desert, provide favourable conditions for waterfowl and waterbirds, especially during migration and in winter. Criterion A1 applies for Oxyura leucocephala and Pelecanus crispus. The following A1 species have been recorded but data are insufficient to justify their inclusion under this criterion - Aythya nyroca, Anser erythropus and Marmaronetta angustirostris. Criterion А4iii applies for the waterfowl and waterbirds which number more than 20,000 on migration and in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum sp, Haloxylon persicum, Haloxylon aphyllum.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2007  11,639 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2007  15,981 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2007  5 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2007  41 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   25%
Wetlands (inland)   75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 90%
unknown 10%

Protection status Not protected.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Rustamov, E.A., Poslavskiy, A.N. (1990). Geography, ecology and protection of wintering of waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Nature protection in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. p. 56-100.(in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jarsay - Khangui. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife