|Central coordinates||61o 4.32' East 38o 37.32' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||50 - 180m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The Jarsay - Khangui IBA is situated in the Central Karakum and is formed from drainage waters from the Jarsay and Khangui collectors. The IBA is located 120-130 km to the north of Mary city. The IBA consists of alternating flooded depressions and raised areas of ridge-hilly sands.
Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species, of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The IBA's wetlands, situated in the desert, provide favourable conditions for waterfowl and waterbirds, especially during migration and in winter. Criterion A1 applies for Oxyura leucocephala and Pelecanus crispus. The following A1 species have been recorded but data are insufficient to justify their inclusion under this criterion - Aythya nyroca, Anser erythropus and Marmaronetta angustirostris. Criterion А4iii applies for the waterfowl and waterbirds which number more than 20,000 on migration and in winter.
Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum sp, Haloxylon persicum, Haloxylon aphyllum.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||2007||11,639 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||2007||15,981 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||winter||2007||5 individuals||medium||A1||Endangered|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2007||41 individuals||medium||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2007||min 20,000 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|2007||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Not protected.
References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Rustamov, E.A., Poslavskiy, A.N. (1990). Geography, ecology and protection of wintering of waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Nature protection in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. p. 56-100.(in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jarsay - Khangui. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/04/2015
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