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Location Turkmenistan
Central coordinates 59o 50.12' East  38o 37.70' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 55,977 ha
Altitude 50 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (Country programme)

Site description The Ayrakly-Garajaovlak IBA is situated in the Central Karakum, and was formed from drainage water from the main Tedjen collector. The IBA is located 160-165 km to the northwest of Tedjen city. The IBA consists of alternating flooded depressions and raised areas of ridge-hilly sands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2007  9,080 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2007  2 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   25%
Wetlands (inland)   75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 35%
not utilised 35%
unknown 30%

Other biodiversity Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum sp, Haloxylon persicum, H.aphyllum.

Protection status None.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Rustamov, E.A., Poslavskiy, A.N. (1990). Geography, ecology and protection of wintering of waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Nature protection in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. p. 56-100. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ayrakly – Garadzhaovlak. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife