|Central coordinates||59o 50.12' East 38o 37.70' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||50 - 150m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The Ayrakly-Garajaovlak IBA is situated in the Central Karakum, and was formed from drainage water from the main Tedjen collector. The IBA is located 160-165 km to the northwest of Tedjen city. The IBA consists of alternating flooded depressions and raised areas of ridge-hilly sands.
Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species, of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The IBA's wetlands, situated within the desert, provide favorable conditions for waterfowl and waterbirds, especially during migration and in winter. The following A1 species have been recorded but, with the exception of Oxyura leucocephala, data is not available to justify their inclusion under this criterion - Pelecanus crispus, Aythya nyroca, Anser erythropus, Marmaronetta angustirostris. Criterion A4iii applies for the waterfowl and waterbirds which numbers more than 20,000 on migration and in winter.
Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum sp, Haloxylon persicum, H.aphyllum.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||2007||9,080 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||winter||2007||2 individuals||medium||A1||Endangered|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2007||min 20,000 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|2007||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status None.
References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Rustamov, E.A., Poslavskiy, A.N. (1990). Geography, ecology and protection of wintering of waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Nature protection in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. p. 56-100. (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ayrakly – Garadzhaovlak. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2015
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