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Location Turkmenistan
Central coordinates 59o 50.12' East  38o 37.70' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 55,977 ha
Altitude 50 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The Ayrakly-Garajaovlak IBA is situated in the Central Karakum, and was formed from drainage water from the main Tedjen collector. The IBA is located 160-165 km to the northwest of Tedjen city. The IBA consists of alternating flooded depressions and raised areas of ridge-hilly sands.

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species, of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The IBA's wetlands, situated within the desert, provide favorable conditions for waterfowl and waterbirds, especially during migration and in winter. The following A1 species have been recorded but, with the exception of Oxyura leucocephala, data is not available to justify their inclusion under this criterion - Pelecanus crispus, Aythya nyroca, Anser erythropus, Marmaronetta angustirostris. Criterion A4iii applies for the waterfowl and waterbirds which numbers more than 20,000 on migration and in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum sp, Haloxylon persicum, H.aphyllum.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2007  9,080 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2007  2 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2007  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   25%
Wetlands (inland)   75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 35%
not utilised 35%
unknown 30%

Protection status None.

References Rustamov, E.A. (1992). Wintering of a waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Biology Science.№3. Moscow. (in Russian). Rustamov, E.A., Poslavskiy, A.N. (1990). Geography, ecology and protection of wintering of waterfowl in Turkmenistan. Nature protection in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. p. 56-100. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ayrakly – Garadzhaovlak. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife