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Location Turkmenistan, Dashoguz
Central coordinates 58o 7.30' East  41o 23.21' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 3,514 ha
Altitude 50 - 136m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The Goyungyrlan lakes system is located 180 km to the southwest of Dashoguz city, to the southwest of the Shasenemskiy Zakaznik. The area of the lakes is 24,700 hectares, the maximal depth is 16.4m. The site consists of a series of reservoirs connected by channels which receive part of the collection/drainage water from the Ilyalinskiy collector channel. In the southwest the lakes are surrounded by the Goyungyrlan hills, and in the east and north by desert.

Key Biodiversity 67 species of bird have been recorded but is probable that more than 100 species actually occur. This breaksdown into migrants - 34 species, passage-nesting - 20 species and non-migrants - 13 species. Passeriformes dominate with 20 species, followed by Falconiformes - 12 species, Charadriiformes - 11 species and Anseriformes - 7 species. The total number of water birds is about 30 species. The site is important for migration for both water birds and terrestrial birds. Spring migration lasts from March to the middle of May, autumn migration from September to November, some species winter. Pelecanus crispus, Falco cherrug, Aegypius monachus, Falco naumanni, Chlamydotis undulata and Coracias garrulus are listed on the IUCN Red List and the Red Data Book of Turkmenistan (1999). Pelecanus onocrotalus, Aquila chrysaetos, Circaetus gallicus only appear in the Red Data book of Turkmenistan (1999). Criterion А1 applies for: Falco cherrug.

Non-bird biodiversity: The flora of Lake Goyungyrlan includes 250 species of higher plants. In wetter areas tugai vegetation occurs, in other areas xerophilous species. In areas adjacent to the lake (eg at Shahsenem) more than 500 species of insects have been recorded, including Collembola - 5 species, Thysanura - 4 species, Blattoptera - 4 species, Isoptera - 3 species, Orthoptera - 21 species, Dermoptera - 1 species, Psocoptera - 2 species, Homoptera - 66 species, Coleoptera - 314 species, Hepidoptera - 33 species, Hymenoptera - 21 species, and Diptera - 31 species (Soyunov, 1991). 2 species of Amphibian occur, and 14 species of Reptile: turtles - 1, lizards - 10 and snakes - 3 species. Excluding bats, 24 species of Mammal occur: predators - 12, rodents - 5, ungulates - 5 species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug passage  2005-2006  1 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Sterna nilotica breeding  2005-2006  350-400 individuals  medium  A4i  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Shasenem Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve 169,102 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   10%
Wetlands (inland)   85%
Artificial - terrestrial   5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 10%

Protection status Not protected.

References Ataýew, K., Amanow, A., Gajyýew, A. (2005) Vertebrate animals of Gaplangyr reserve and adjoining territories. A science and technics in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. № 8.20-27 (in Turkmen). Ataýew, K., Amanow, A., Arazow, J. (2006) Vertebrate of Zengibaba lakes. Science and technics in Turkmenistan. Ashgabat № 6. 11-19 (in Turkmen). Kucheruk V.V. (2005) Duplicidentates and rodents of Central Asia deserts. – Мoscow . GEOS..328 p. (in Russian). Mansimov М.R., Glazovskiy, V.A. (1990) Irrigation-waste lakes of Dashoguz area. Problems of desert development . №5. p.72-74. (in Russian). Soyunov O. (1991) Complexes of insects of Northern Karakum . Ashgabat. Ylym. 456 p. (in Russian). Rustamov А.К. (1954) Birds of Karakum desert. Ashgabat, Publishing house of AN TSSR. 344 p. (in Russian). Rustamov A.K., Ptushenko, Е.S. (1959) Faunistic materials on ground vertebrates of the western and northeast Karakum. Turkemen State University. Ashgabat. № IX. p.101-146. (in Russian). Atamuradov H. (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Vol.1. p. 256-257. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Goyungyrlan. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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