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Location Turkmenistan, Akhal
Central coordinates 58o 37.00' East  37o 46.42' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 19,031 ha
Altitude 308 - 1,060m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (Country programme)



Site description The area of the IBA is 19,031 hectares representing more than 6% of the area of the Central Kopetdag (279,100 hectares). The eastern border of the IBA is situated to the south of Gyaurs station on a channel of the small river Sherlok up to the settlement of Shamli at the foot of Zerakev mountain; it then turns west along the Tekenchengasy ridge to the settlement of Manysh and continues westwards to the settlement of Komarovskiy. The northern border bends around the Etimbair ridge (456m) and follows the road to Gyaurs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis resident  1983-2006  80-100 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  1983-2006  1 breeding pairs  good  A1  Endangered 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1983-2006  15-20 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  1983-2006  20-25 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama breeding  1983-2006  25-30 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Rock-nuthatch Sitta tephronota resident  1983-2006  80-100 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  1983-2006  25-30 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata breeding  1983-2006  55-60 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus breeding  1983-2006  15-20 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani breeding  1983-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps breeding  1983-2006  120-200 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Guryhowdan Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve 15,000 protected area overlaps with site 15,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   3%
Shrubland   11%
Grassland   5%
Desert   38%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Rocky areas   28%
Artificial - terrestrial   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 52%
hunting 12%
military 3%
nature conservation and research 30%
urban/industrial/transport 3%

Other biodiversity Mammals are represented by more than 24 species (Zykov, Korshunov, 1986; Mammals of Turkmenistan, 1995). Hyaena hyaena, Panthera pardus, Ovis vignei and Capra aegagrus are listed in the Red Data Book of Turkmenistan (1999). Amphibians and reptiles consist of 22 species including: Bufo viridis turanensis and Bufo danatensis, Rana ridibunda (Amphibians), Agrionemys horsfieldi, Gymnodactylus caspius, Trapelus sanguinolenta, Mabuya aurata, Varanus griseus, Eumeces schneideri, Ophisaurus apodus, Eremias velox, Eumeces taeniolatus (Reptiles), Typhlops vermicularis, Eryx miliaris, Eirenis persicus, Coluber rhodorhachis, Coluber ravergieri , Naja oxiana, Vipera lebetina, Oligodon taeniolatus, Psammophis sehokari and Psammophis lineolatum (snakes). The flora of Gurykhoudan includes 616 species (441 genus and 88 families). Almost 86.5% of the flora is more or less regularly distributed throughout the area (Kamahina, 2005). Specific features of the region include the local endemics: Leymus nikitinii, Popoviolimon turcomanica, Colutea atabaejevii, Paracaryum crista-galli, Jurinea kultiassowii and Centaurea androssowii.

Protection status The Gurykhovudan Zakaznik is administered by the Kopetdag state reserve. The Gurykhovudan Zakaznik is in a zone of active agricultural development with an extremely high grazing pressure.

References Borsuk, V.E., (1989). The plan of land types of «Gurykhovudan» zakaznik of Kopetdag reserve // Uzbek forest management enterprise of Soviet-union association " Lesproekt ". Scale 1:50 000. Tashkent (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1987). Features of biology of a black stork in Kopetdag, a regional part of natural habitat// Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, Biology Sciences. - №6. P. 54-57. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1988). Numbers and distribution of Falconiformes in Kopetdag reserve // Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, Biology Sciences. - №5. P. 77-80. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1989). Materials to a cadastre of rare species of birds of Kopetdag reserve // Soviet-union conference on a problem of a cadastre and the account of animals of the world. (Thesis of reports). part 3. Ufa. P. 81-83. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1989). Ecology of nesting species of Falconiformes in Kopetdag reserve // Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, Biology Sciences. - №5. P. 41-48. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1990). Long-term dynamics of numbers of Falconiformes in territory of the Central Kopetdag. P. 230-233 « USSR reserves - their present and the future ». Novgorod. V. 3. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1990). Nested ecology of Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus brookei Sharpe, 1873) in the Central Kopetdag // Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, Biology Sciences., № 3. P. 38-42. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1990). Modern distribution and dynamics of number rare Falconiformes of the Central Kopetdag // Rare and insufficiently known birds of Central Asia. Materials of 3rd Soviet ornithological Conference – Tashkent : P. 65-67. (in Russian) Efimenko N.N. (1992) To biology of nesting of birds of prey of the Central Kopetdag. Ornithological researches in reserves: Problems of reservation matter: Collected articles. Мoscow.: 89-113. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1992а). Observations of rare species of mammals in Central Kopetdag // News Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, Biology Sciences., № 3. P.71-73. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (1998.) Falcon (Falco peregrinus) in Turkmenistan - p.102-103. Thesis of National conference on September, 29-30th, 1998 Ashgabat. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (2004). Monitoring of ecosystem elements of Kopetdag state reserve (Turkmenistan) p. 24. - « Reserves and national parks ». - Мoscow: Biodiversity protection Center. 42. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (2004.) Peregrine in Turkmenistan // «Strepet». Т.2, Russia. (in Russian) Efimenko, N.N. (2005) Buzzard in Turkmenistan // «Streper». Т.3. Russia. (in Russian) Zykov A.E., Korshunov V.M. (1986). The annotated list of mammals of the Central Kopet Dagh // Nature of the Central Kopetdag. Ashgabat. Ylym. p. 162-183. (in Russian) Mishenko Yu.V. (1986) Specific structure and vertically-biotopic distribution of birds of the Central Kopetdag p. 120-162; « Nature of the Central Kopetdag » - Ashgabat: Ylym. (in Russian) Kucheruk V.V. Mammals of Turkmenistan (1995) p.310 . Ashgabat. Ylym. (in Russian) Rajapov M. National action plan on environmental protection of the President of Turkmenistan Saparmyrat Turkmenbashy (2002). Ashgabat. (in Turkmen, Russian and English) Rajapov M. Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan for Turkmenistan. Ashgabat, 2002. (in Turkmen, Russian and English) Rajapov M. Turkmenistan. Country Study on the Status of Biodiversity. Ashgabat, 2002. (in Turkmen, Russian and English)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gurykhovudan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2014

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