|Central coordinates||53o 54.27' East 37o 30.23' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The site is a low lying stretch of coast, 1-2 km wide, ranging in altitude from -10m at the frontier post at Gamyshly to 26m and consisting of a sandy strip 50 to 100m wide with ridge-hilly fixed sands inland alternating with areas of saltmarsh. Inland from the sea are several strips of vegetation, differing with substrate: wet saltmarshs which flood with the tide; saltmarshes which are not flooded by the tide; salted shelly sands; semi-salted and shelly sands; semi-fixed ridge-hilly dunes; fixed dunes. Changes in microrelief as a result of sea level fluctuations are affecting the dynamics of the substrata and vegetative cover in each area. The IBA situated in a zone of dry subtropics with hot dry summers and warm winters. The overall average annual temperature is +17.1C, with a maximum of +48C and a minimum of -16С. The average temperature in January is +4.30С. The annual rainfall is approximately 200 mm, the majority falling from November to April. Cloudy days are frequent (up to 74 days per year), the number of days with precipitation is about 30-60. The maximum number of days without frost is 296.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||2001-2005||52 individuals||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||2001-2005||8-5,997 individuals||good||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||winter||2001-2005||397-19,152 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||unknown||2001||1 individuals||-||A1||Endangered|
|Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis||winter||2001-2005||53-1,094 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena||winter||2001-2005||10-1,635 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||winter||2001-2005||7-1,451 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis||winter||2001||61-747 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||2001-2005||434-9,341 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||2001-2005||37-1,003 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||winter||2001-2005||2,666-22,591 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2001||20,000 individuals||-||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Hazar||State Nature Reserve||1,310,185||protected area contains site||18,724|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: border zone|
Other biodiversity The fauna includes 40 species of mammals, half from which are rodents (21 species), the others are predators (8), chiropterans (5), insectivores (4), ungulates (2). Reptiles are represented by 30 species, the most significant are water (Natrix natrix) and grass (Natrix tessellata) snakes and the Central Asian agama (Agama sanguinolenta). The flora contains more than 370 species of higher plants. The vegetation of the coast is represented by halophytic and salsolas communities. Sandy sites are fixed by vegetation but it is sparse: ephedra, a few species of Calligonum, Salsola richteri, and saxaul (Haloxylon persicum) which is very rare. Carex physodes covers some areas with sparse ephemerals.
Protection status Not protected.
References Atamuradov, H.I. (1999)Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. - Т.1. - Ashkhabad: Turkmenistan. (in Russian). Rajapov, M. Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan for Turkmenistan. Ashgabat, 2002. (in Turkmen, Russian, English). Rajapov, M. Turkmenistan. Country Study on the Status of Biodiversity.Ashgabat, 2002. (in Turkmen, Russian, English).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ekerem - Esenguly. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014
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