|Location||St Lucia, Dennery,Praslin|
|Central coordinates||60o 53.76' West 13o 53.52' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, B4i|
|Altitude||0 - 200m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Ornithological information The Mandele dry forest has much to offer in terms of wildlife. The significance cannot be underestimated particularly with its association to endemic species. In addition to the White-breasted Thrasher, other species of great significance include the St. Lucia Oriole, The St. Lucia Black Finch, the St Lucia Peewee, the Antillean Euphonia, Bridled quail dove, Grey Trembler, Lesser Antillean flycatcher, three hummingbird species, Pearly-eyed and Scaly-breasted Thrashers and possibly the Rufous Nightjar. At some times of the year St Lucia Amazons forage at this site too, mainly in the upper elevations. Migratory birds species furthermore nest and roost in different locations in the area. The Magnificent Frigate bird is one such species.
Site description The Mandele dry forest is located on the eastern part of St. Lucia encompassed by Ravine Pascal to the north, Ravine Bourge to the south and on the northwest by the Dennery Water Works Forest Reserve. It is about 826 ha.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Royal Tern Sterna maxima||resident||2007||-||medium||B4i||Least Concern|
|Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mystacea||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|St Lucia Amazon Amazona versicolor||winter||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||-||medium||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris||resident||2007||-||medium||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-breasted Thrasher Ramphocinclus brachyurus||resident||2007||1,010-1,130 individuals||good||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grey Trembler Cinclocerthia gutturalis||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|St Lucia Oriole Icterus laudabilis||resident||2007||100-200 individuals||medium||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|St Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni||resident||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Anse Galet-Anse Cochon reefs||Marine Reserve||0||protected area contained by site||0|
|Fregate Islands||Nature Reserve||6||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|Praslin Mangroves||Marine Reserve||0||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Hotel development|
Other biodiversity The agouti is found in the area. Also found are the boa constrictor and the fer-de-lance. Among the plants, the endangered Latanier palm is very significant to the area.
Management considerations Threats include: Deforestation – It is worth noting that indiscriminate harvesting of sapling poles for broom handles is slowly depleting the forest vegetation .A small portion along the Praslin River is under agricultural cultivation with bananas, coconuts and to a lesser extent cashew nuts and corn. Fires, usually contained within relatively small areas (few ha) are common Non-native predators – small Indian mongoose; black, brown rats Pollution – Application of agro-chemicals to crops maybe causing chemical pollution to the lower Praslin River, which discharges into Praslin Bay. The influx of those chemicals may be causing adverse effects to both freshwater and marine life Commercial Development – The development of a massive hotel will result in a significant depletion of the thrasher’s habitat.
Protection status Marine Reserve – Praslin Mangroves. This site was declared a marine reserve in 1986; Reef from Anse Galet to beach at Anse Cochon – declared a marine reserve in 1990. All sites are found within the IBA Projected PAs – Praslin Island, Nature reserve within DCG development area There are also Crown Lands at this site (e.g. around Bordelais) which may have the potential for future conservation management. The Praslin mangroves and Frigate Islands are protected areas adjacent to the proposed IBA
Conservation response In 2006 St Lucia Forestry Department (SLFD), Ministry of Agriculture, and The Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust (DW) and carried out a two month project, funded by the Design Construction Group (DCG), to develop a monitoring programme and carry out a baseline survey of the White-breasted Thrasher (WBT) Ramphocinclus brachyurus sanctaeluciae. The data from the survey were used to assess the potential impact of the Le Paradis hotel and golf course. Monitoring will be ongoing.
References Hudson L., Renard Y., and Romulus G. 1992. A system of protected areas for St. Lucia. St. Lucia National Trust, Castries St. Lucia biodiversity country report of St. Lucia. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 2000.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mandele Dry Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2013
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