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Location St Lucia, Dauphin,Dennery
Central coordinates 60o 53.14' West  13o 58.20' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B4i, B4ii
Area 4,314 ha
Altitude 0 - 156m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The area covers approximately 4314 ha, and stretches from the Dennery Knob westward to Mardi Gras just outside the periphery of the Forest Reserve. It then follows a north eastern direction along the Forest Reserve Boundary to Grand Anse. This area occupies a considerable portion within the tropical dry forest life zone of St. Lucia and is largely covered by scrub forest characterized by short canopy and a large number of small-diameter trees. Nature conservation and research, agriculture, rangeland/ pastureland, some areas not utilized, all these categories aid to describe the land use of the area. A major part of the area is not utilized remaining under secondary forest cover.

Key Biodiversity The species of national importance in this site include the following: St. Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni , St. Lucia Oriole Icterus laudabilis , St. Lucia White-breasted Thrasher Ramphocinclus brachyurus, St. Lucia Pewee Contopus oberi, St. Lucia Warbler Dendroica delicata, St. Lucia Flycatcher Myiachus oberi sanctae luceae and St. Lucia Wren Troglodytes aedon sanctae luceae. Other species that inhabit the area are: Banana Quit Coereba flaveola, Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis, Black-faced Grass Quit Tiaris bicolor, Broad-Winged hawk Buteo platypterus , Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis, Green heron Butorides virescens, Grey Trembler Cinclocerthia gutturalis, Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda, Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor, Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina, Red-Necked Pigeon Patagioenas squamosa, Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica, Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis, Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica, American Kestrel Falco sparverius, Ruddy Quail Dove Geotrygon montana, Scaly-Breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Carib Grackle Quiscalus lugubris, Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis, Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus nudigenis, Grey Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis, Black-whispered Vireo Vireo altiloquus, Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita. The area is important for migrant species and waterbirds. A pond at Grande Anse is the only place where Masked ducks have been recorded breeding. Many migrant ducks, warblers and waterbirds have been recorded in the area. Potentially, it may also serve as a nesting place for marine species such as the Red-billed Tropicbird that has been recorded nesting along the cliff in others parts of the St. Lucia. Furthermore, several shorebirds have been recorded foraging along the beach areas.

Non-bird biodiversity: The area is very rich in biological diversity and to a certain extent remains undeveloped. The habitat supports tremendous wildlife species, with a high occurrence of endemism. The avifaunal life is greatest, and particularly important are the St. Lucia Black Finch, the St. Lucia Oriole, the White-breasted Thrasher, Rufous Nightjar, and the St. Lucia Wren. These species are in a state population decline and require tremendous attention (ICBP 1988). It is worth noting that this habitat is the last stronghold of the Rufous Nightjar. Reptilians found there include the boa constrictor, fer-de-lance, iguana, the leatherback, hawksbill and green turtle. The Grand Anse beach is presently the most important nesting ground for the turtles. The adjacent Louvet beach is also an important nesting ground for the St. Lucia Iguana. Mammals are represented by the agouti, opossum and possibly the St. Lucia Muskrat, believed to be extinct. Floral Species of considerable importance include Tabebuia pallida, Guerttarda scabra, Coccothrinax barbadensis, which appear to be overexploited within the area

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus resident  2007  < 50 individuals  medium  B4i  Least Concern 
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus breeding  2007  < 50 individuals  medium  B4ii  Least Concern 
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus resident  2007  < 50 individuals  medium  B4i  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2007  250-999 individuals  medium  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris resident  2007  250-999 individuals  medium  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
White-breasted Thrasher Ramphocinclus brachyurus resident  2007  100 individuals  good  A1, A2  Endangered 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Grey Trembler Cinclocerthia gutturalis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
St Lucia Warbler Dendroica delicata resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
St Lucia Oriole Icterus laudabilis resident  2007  100-300 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
St Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni resident  2007  500 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Endangered 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cas-en-Bas Mangroves Marine Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Fond D'Or Beach Marine Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Grand Anse Beach and Mangrove Marine Reserve 80 protected area contained by site 0  
Louvet Mangroves Marine Reserve 80 protected area contained by site 0  
Marquis Mangroves Marine Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
energy production and mining minor
Notes: Charcoal production
other major
Notes: Farmland
hunting minor
Notes: Crab hunting
nature conservation and research minor
Notes: Research on teh Leather back turtle
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status Marine Reserves – Marquis Mangroves, Fond D’or, Louvette Mangroves, Grand Anse Beach and Mangroves, Cas-en-Bas Mangrove. These sites were designated marine reserves in 1986, and are all contained within the overall IBA. 2 large estates (Louvet and Grand Anse) are found in this area; both potential targets for future development, but at least offering the opportunity for dealing with single landowners. Most of the area is privately owned. Government has jurisdiction on the Marine reserves and own a few parcels of crown lands. The protected areas are contained by the IBA

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Gonzales O. J., and Z. R. Donald. 1996. Tropical dry forest of St. Lucia West Indies: Vegetation and soil properties. Biotropica 28(4b): 618-626 Hudson L., Renard Y., and Romulus G. 1992. A System of Protected Areas for St. Lucia. Castries: St. Lucia National Trust Isaac C, L. Jn. Pierre and D. Anthony. 1990. A report on plant inventory ethnobotanical study and community resource use survey from Dennery Knob to Grande Anse in St. Lucia. St. Lucia National Trust. Castries St. Lucia. St. Lucia Biodiversity Country Report of St. Lucia. Castries: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 2000. St. Lucia Environmental Profile, 1991.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: North-east coast. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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