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Location Uzbekistan, Bukhoro
Central coordinates 64o 39.02' East  39o 36.58' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 32,709 ha
Altitude 219 - 332m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description Ecocenter “Jeiran” is situated 42 km to the SE of Bukhara town. It was created in 1977 for the breeding of rare species of animals and the study of their biology (Flint, 1982). It is managed by the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It consists of two areas. The first (5,145 ha) has protected status. It is enclosed by a wire fence 2 m high. According to count data from 2004, there are 899 Goitered Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa), 37 kulans (Equus hemionus) and 29 Przewalski’s horses (Equus przewalskii). The landscapes of this area are varied with saltmarsh depression, plains of salt desert, sands, mountain foothills, Kaykasach mountain (332 m above sea level). There are 11 plant associations. The foraging resources fluctuate year by year and seasonally. Productivity can reach from 5 centner/ha to 75 centner/ha. The mountain is situated in the northern part. Four lakes with brackish water are situated in the southern part (Prisyazhnuk, 1986). They are partially fed by artesian wells and partially from the Amu-Bukhara Canal. The Limnadophilous complex is fully dependent on water level from the Amu-Bukhara Canal (Soldatova, 2003, 2004). The second part isn’t enclosed and has an area of 18,350 ha. Land use includes co-ownership (19 farms, electric line, gas line, gypsum-pit) but cattle grazing is prohibited. However there are breaches of the regulations (cattle grazing, vegetation burning, hunting, off-road driving etc). The landscapes of the second are similar to those of the first. There are 10 shallow reservoirs and wells which attract birds and mammals. The biodiversity of the Ecocenter includes: mammals – 31 species, birds – about 257 species, reptiles – 18 species, amphibians - 2 species, fishes - 8 species, invertebrates more than 50 species. Of them 4 species of mammals, about 23 species of birds, 2 species of reptiles, 2 species of fishes and around 6 species of invertebrates are included in International and National Red Data Books.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris passage  2004-2006  20-40 adults only  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2004-2006  30-200 adults only  good  A1  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2004-2006  20-62 adults only  good  A1  Endangered 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  2000-2009  100-1,000 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  2000-2004  8-50 adults only  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2000-2004  500-1,000 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug unknown  2000-2004  1 individuals  A1  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2000-2004  14 individuals  good  A1  Near Threatened 
Chlamydotis undulata resident  2000-2004  4-25 individuals  good  A3  Not Recognised 
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus breeding  2004-2006  6-10 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei breeding  2004-2006  10-20 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta breeding  2004-2006  50-100 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama breeding  2004-2006  100-200 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Warbler Sylvia nana breeding  2004-2006  100 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus breeding  2004-2006  200-400 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dzheiran Ecocentre Breeding Reserve 5,145 protected area contained by site 16,522  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   39%
Desert   44%
Wetlands (inland)   14%
Rocky areas   1%
Artificial - terrestrial   2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 23%
nature conservation and research 70%
urban/industrial/transport 2%
other 5%
Notes: In 2-nd territory on a frontier part is working quarry on extraction of plaster; industrial - transport agencies; the city garbage dump; automobile line passes from the direction of one part of an ecocenter, from the direction of another - the railway.

Other biodiversity Species listed in both International and National Red Data Books include 4 mammal species, 23 bird species, 2 reptile species, 2 fish species, and about 6 insect species. Mammals - 35 species. Insectivores: Hemiechinus auritus, Erinaceus hupamelas, Crocidura suaveolens, Diplomesodon pulchellus are common but not numerous. Bats: Rhinolophus hipposideros, Rhinolophus bocharicus are observed. Carnivores: Vulpes vulpes karagan, Vulpes corsac, Felis libyca – breed, but their numbers are reduced. Mustelids: Meles meles, Vormela peregusna, Mustela eversmanni are not numerous. Even-toed and odd-toed ungulates: Equus caballus przewalskii, Equus hemionus onager, Gazella subgutturosa - breed, stable numbers, trend of regular increases in number (Soldatova, 2003, 2004). There are also 4 individuals of Equus asinus at the site. There are scattered records of Sus scrofa. Lagomorphs and rodents: Lepus tolai, Myocastor coypus, Spermophilus fulvus, Spermophilopsis leptodactylus, Allactaga severtzovi, Allactaga elater, Paradipus ctenodactylus, Dipus sagitta, Mus musculus, Nesokia indica, Meriones meridianus, Meriones libycus, Rhombomys opimus, Cricetulus migratorius, Ondatra zibethicus, Ellobius tancrei (Tupikin, 2003; Rogovin, 2003; Ishunin, 1983). Reptiles – 20 species: Agrionemys horsfieldi, Teratoscincus scincus, Crossobamon eversmanni, Cyrtopodion caspius, Cyrtopodion fedschenkoi, Trapelus sanquinolentus, Phrynocephalus interscapularis, Phrynocephalus helioscopus, Phrynocephalus ocellatus, Varanus griseus, Eremias grammica, Eremias lineolata, Eremias velox, Eryx milaris, Natrix tessellata, Coluber karelini, Coluber ravergieri, Spalerosophis diadema, Psammophis lineolatum (Karmanov, 2001), Lythorhynchus ridgewayi. Amphibians – 2 species: Bufo viridis and Rana ridibunda. Fishes – 8 species. Invertebrates – more than 50 species.

Protection status The Ecocenter «Jeiran» is a State institution. It was created in 1977 for the breeding of rare species of animal and the study of their biology (Flint, 1982). It is administered by the State Committee For Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

References 1. Soldatova N.V. Field working diaries for the period 2000-2004. (in Russian) 2. Mitropolskiy M.G.Data of field observation for 2004, 2005, 2006 (in Russian) 3. Mitropolskiy O.V. Data of field observation for 1996, 2005, 2006 (in Russian) 4. Mitropolskiy M.G., Soldatova N.V. (2004) Nutrition of eagle owl in Ecocenter "Jeiran" (in print, in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dzheiran Ecocentre. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014

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