Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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67o 56.48' East 39o 39.35' North
700 - 2,845m
Year of IBA assessment
Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)
Site description The site is situated in the east of Uzbekistan in the north-western spurs of the Turkestan ridge not far from the border with Tadjikistan. Samarkand lies 60 km to the east from it, and Djizak 50 km to the south. The site covers the middle belt of the mountain with a range of landscapes (rock, mountain river and flood plain forest) from 700 m above the sea level (valley of the Sanzar river) to 2,845 m (Chashmardan pass).
Key Biodiversity 151 species, from 15 orders, have been recorded. Сiconiiformes - 2 species, Anseriformes - 4 , Falconiformes - 17, Galliformes – 4, Gruiformes - 3, Charadriiformes - 5, Columbiformes - 8, Cuculiformes - 1, Strigiformes - 4, Caprimulgiformes - 1, Apodiformes – 2, Coraciiformes - 4, Upupaformes - 1, Piciformes - 2, Passeriformes - 93 species.
All birds recorded can be divided into 4 ecological groups: residents – 46 species, nesting – 62 species, wintering – 10 species, migrating – 33 species.
Aegypius monachus and Coracias garrulus are included in the IUCN Red List, and Hieraaetus pennatus, Aquila chrysaetos, Gypaetus barbatus and Gyps fulvus in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan.
Non-bird biodiversity: There are many species of insects (Yahontov, Davletshina 1962).
In the wet places Green Toad and Marsh Frog can be found. Reptiles are represented by Steppe Tortoise, Turkestan Rock Gecko, Steppe Agama, Turkestan Agama, Halys Viper, Levantine Viper, Mountain Racer, Glass-lizard and others. Mammals are mainly rodents: Large Souslik, Severtzov’s Jerboa, Small Five-toed Jerboa, Turkestan Rat and House Mouse, together with Long-eared Hedgehog, Corsac Fox, Wolf, Brown Bear, Fox, Tolai Hare, Siberian Ibex, Wild Boar, Zaisan Mole Vole, Indian Crested Porcupine and Forest Dormouse. Marinka, Stone Loach and Striped Bystranka occur in the mountain rivers. The vegetation is not species rich and has mainly xerophytes and ephemerals (Demurina,1975).
The foothill plains are developed for dry agriculture, pasture and spray agriculture. Ploughed areas are covered with sedge–grass formations. Couch-grass is dominant on the gentle slopes with melkozem cover on the northern slopes of the low-mountain ridge zone. There are floodland forests along the rivers and large streams. Fescue formations are developed at altitudes higher than 1,800-2,000 m above sea level. Couch-grass and motley grass formations are typical for the middle zone, and dog-rose, barberry, honeysuckle and others are common here. Meadow type vegetation occurs on the north slopes in areas where subsoil water reaches the surface. Juniperus turkestanicus and a semi-globose form of Juniperus forests occur on the steep north slopes of the middle mountain belt, on the south slopes Juniperus zaravshanicus is found, on the watershed - Juniperus turkestanicus.