email a friend
printable version
Location Uzbekistan, Jizzakh
Central coordinates 67o 56.48' East  39o 39.35' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 41,517 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,845m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description The site is situated in the east of Uzbekistan in the north-western spurs of the Turkestan ridge not far from the border with Tadjikistan. Samarkand lies 60 km to the east from it, and Djizak 50 km to the south. The site covers the middle belt of the mountain with a range of landscapes (rock, mountain river and flood plain forest) from 700 m above the sea level (valley of the Sanzar river) to 2,845 m (Chashmardan pass).

Key Biodiversity 151 species, from 15 orders, have been recorded. Сiconiiformes - 2 species, Anseriformes - 4 , Falconiformes - 17, Galliformes – 4, Gruiformes - 3, Charadriiformes - 5, Columbiformes - 8, Cuculiformes - 1, Strigiformes - 4, Caprimulgiformes - 1, Apodiformes – 2, Coraciiformes - 4, Upupaformes - 1, Piciformes - 2, Passeriformes - 93 species. All birds recorded can be divided into 4 ecological groups: residents – 46 species, nesting – 62 species, wintering – 10 species, migrating – 33 species. Aegypius monachus and Coracias garrulus are included in the IUCN Red List, and Hieraaetus pennatus, Aquila chrysaetos, Gypaetus barbatus and Gyps fulvus in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan.

Non-bird biodiversity: There are many species of insects (Yahontov, Davletshina 1962). In the wet places Green Toad and Marsh Frog can be found. Reptiles are represented by Steppe Tortoise, Turkestan Rock Gecko, Steppe Agama, Turkestan Agama, Halys Viper, Levantine Viper, Mountain Racer, Glass-lizard and others. Mammals are mainly rodents: Large Souslik, Severtzov’s Jerboa, Small Five-toed Jerboa, Turkestan Rat and House Mouse, together with Long-eared Hedgehog, Corsac Fox, Wolf, Brown Bear, Fox, Tolai Hare, Siberian Ibex, Wild Boar, Zaisan Mole Vole, Indian Crested Porcupine and Forest Dormouse. Marinka, Stone Loach and Striped Bystranka occur in the mountain rivers. The vegetation is not species rich and has mainly xerophytes and ephemerals (Demurina,1975). The foothill plains are developed for dry agriculture, pasture and spray agriculture. Ploughed areas are covered with sedge–grass formations. Couch-grass is dominant on the gentle slopes with melkozem cover on the northern slopes of the low-mountain ridge zone. There are floodland forests along the rivers and large streams. Fescue formations are developed at altitudes higher than 1,800-2,000 m above sea level. Couch-grass and motley grass formations are typical for the middle zone, and dog-rose, barberry, honeysuckle and others are common here. Meadow type vegetation occurs on the north slopes in areas where subsoil water reaches the surface. Juniperus turkestanicus and a semi-globose form of Juniperus forests occur on the steep north slopes of the middle mountain belt, on the south slopes Juniperus zaravshanicus is found, on the watershed - Juniperus turkestanicus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1990-2006  1-6 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2006  5-70 individuals  good  A1  Least Concern 
Dark-grey Tit Parus rufonuchalis resident  2006  1-7 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Parus flavipectus breeding  2006  1 adults only  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2006  1-8 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  1973-2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2006  1 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala breeding  1973-2006  2-24 adults only  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus resident  2006  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  2006  1-4 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Zaaminskiy State Nature Reserve 53,694 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   17%
Shrubland   8%
Grassland   50%
Rocky areas   8%
Artificial - terrestrial   17%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dzhum-Dzhum. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife