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Location Uzbekistan, Tashkent
Central coordinates 69o 19.17' East  40o 58.12' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 1,450 ha
Altitude 290 - 380m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description Tuyabuguz is a large water reservoir, 13-15 km long and 3 km wide and although the shore of the lake is very indented the area is only 2,000 ha. It is situated on the lower reaches of the Akhangaran river in the agricultural zone of Tashkent region. It attracts large numbers of waterfowl, especially on migration and in winter. West, north and south of the reservoir are well developed recreation areas with holiday homes, boarding houses and cottages. The recreation pressure is small in the eastern lower part of the reservoir where the Akhangaran flows into Tuyabuguz. The area of this region is 10 km2, it has stands of tugay forest, many small water bodies and reedbeds which have little access. There is also an important system of low flat small islands in this shallow part of reservoir. During periods of warm weather, there are many holiday people and fishermen from industrial towns such as Tashkent, Almalyk, Akhangaran, Bekabad, Pskent and others. At that time disturbance is very high, and nesting birds are not numerous. In the late autumn and winter hunters are regular, therefore birds concentrate on inaccessible islands at night and in the centre of the reservoir during the day. The reservoir is accessible to visitors as there are highways on the dam (western shore) and near the eastern shore. The site is situated 70 km south of Tashkent.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2006-2008  270-6,006 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2003-2006  15,163-25,830 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus winter  2003-2006  32-360 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  2003-2006  70-117 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2008  1,550 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus winter  2005-2006  173-1,099 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2003  20,000 individuals  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   10%
Wetlands (inland)   70%
Artificial - terrestrial   20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
fisheries/aquaculture 70%
tourism/recreation 70%
water management 90%

Other biodiversity Mammals are not diverse. Sus scrofa occurs randomly and singly. There are many Vulpes vulpes and Canis aureus near the coasts. Felis libyca has been observed, the presence of Felis chaus is uncertain. Lepus (capensis) tolai is regularly observed, and there is a single record of Ondatra zibethicus. Natrix tessellata are numerous.

References Ayupov A.N., Mitropolskiy O.V. , Kashkarov R.D., Mitropolkiy M.G., Soldatov V.A., Atakhojaev A.A. Report of the winter bird counting, January-March & November-December 2006. (manuscript) Kashkarov D.Yu. Report of the counting waterfowls 19.01.2003. (manuscript) Mitropolskiy M.G., Mitropolskiy O.V. Report of the counting waterfowls 2.02.2005. (manuscript) Mitropolkiy M.G., Kashkarov R.D. Greater Spotted Eagle and White-tailed Sea-eagle in Tashkent region //Raptors and their conservation. Nijniy-Novgorod, 2007 (in print) Mitropolskiy O.V. , Mitropolkiy M.G., Kashkarov R.D. Wintering of shorebirds in Tashkent region // Materials of shorebirds in North Eurasia. Moscow, 2007 (in print) Humerology collection of Mitropolskiy family. Results of data analysis from Tashkent region during 1996-2006 period.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tuyabuguz Reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014

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