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Location Ukraine, Kherson
Central coordinates 33o 12.00' East  45o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 87,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 9m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Ukranian Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description Large bays with sandy beaches, on the Black Sea coast near the towns of Skadovsk and Krasnoperekopsk. The site includes the Lebyazhi islands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1999  1,000 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis winter  1994  520 individuals  good  A1  Endangered 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor winter  1992  1,000-8,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  1992  700-900 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  1992  17,000-43,000 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  1999  800-1,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta breeding  1992  480-900 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Great White Egret Ardea alba breeding  1992  200-700 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba passage  1992  800 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus non-breeding  1999  2,200 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  1992  1,300-2,400 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  1992  1,600-2,500 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1999  50-60 individuals  unknown  A1  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1992  32,500-37,500 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris passage  1995  rare  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1992  40 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Not Recognised 
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans breeding  1992  9,000-10,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans winter  1992  6,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus breeding  1992  6,800-17,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia breeding  1992  200-570 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  1992  3,000-5,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1992  1,000 breeding pairs  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1992  150 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1992  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  1992  20,000-49,999 breeding pairs  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 high very unfavourable medium
  Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium

Grassland   12435 12435 100 poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Marine Coastal/Supratidal   37307 37307 100 poor (40-69%) unfavourable

Anser anser Greylag Goose 2000 1000 individuals 50 unfavourable
Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose 600 100 individuals 17 very unfavourable
Cygnus olor Mute Swan 20000 8500 individuals 43 unfavourable
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 5000 2500 individuals 50 unfavourable
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon 3000 500 individuals 17 not assessed
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard 40000 15000 individuals 38 very unfavourable
Spatula querquedula Garganey 3000 1500 individuals 50 not assessed
Aythya ferina Common Pochard 8000 5000 individuals 63 not assessed
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck 1500 300 individuals 20 not assessed
Somateria mollissima Common Eider 500 110 individuals 22 not assessed
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye 500 20 individuals 4 not assessed
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon 50 15 individuals 30 not assessed
Ciconia nigra Black Stork 10 3 individuals 30 not assessed
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis 200 80 individuals 40 unfavourable
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill 300 50 individuals 17 not assessed
Egretta garzetta 1000 300 breeding pairs 30 very unfavourable
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron 1200 200 breeding pairs 17 not assessed
Ardea alba Great White Egret 700 500 breeding pairs 72 near favourable
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican 4000 2000 individuals 50 unfavourable
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican 100 3 individuals 3 not assessed
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant 18000 10000 individuals 56 unfavourable
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier 60 20 individuals 34 not assessed
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle 60 10 individuals 17 very unfavourable
Fulica atra Common Coot 30000 15000 individuals 50 unfavourable
Grus grus Common Crane 3000 1500 individuals 50 not assessed
Haematopus ostralegus 50 30 breeding pairs 60 not assessed
Charadrius alexandrinus 100 40 breeding pairs 40 not assessed
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew 3 0 individuals 0 very unfavourable
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew 600 200 individuals 34 not assessed
Larus cachinnans Caspian Gull 10000 5000 breeding pairs 50 unfavourable
Sterna nilotica 300 20 breeding pairs 7 very unfavourable
Larus ichthyaetus Pallas's Gull 250 50 individuals 20 not assessed
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull 8000 5000 individuals 63 not assessed
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern 300 100 individuals 34 very unfavourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 7000 3000 individuals 43 unfavourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 2000 1300 individuals 65 unfavourable
Sternula albifrons Little Tern 300 30 individuals 10 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Karkinitska and Dzharylgatska Bays Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 87,000 is identical to site 87,000  
Karkinitsky Zakaznik 27,646 protected area contained by site 27,646  
Lebyazhi Island Unknown 9,612 protected area contained by site 9,612  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  25%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  75%
Marine Coastal/Supratidal   -
Marine Intertidal   -
Marine Neritic (Nearshore Shelf)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International High9,612 ha of IBA covered by unknown protected-area type (Lebyazhi Island, 9,612 ha). 87,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Karkinitska and Dzharylgatchska Bays, 87,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife