|Central coordinates||64o 6.68' East 39o 7.52' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||183 - 267m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description Dengizkul lake is situated 75 km south-south west from Buhara town near the border with Turkmenistan. It is surrounded by mainly sandy desert with large sand dunes and bushes of saxaul and acacia – the northern part of the Sundukli sands. Hilly sands are most typical for the boundary region with Turkmenistan. The lake is situated in a natural low-lying landscape. The water is strongly salty and supplied by a collector-drainage channel. In former times it was the final reservoir of the Zarafshan river. The IBA consists of the open water area and coastal strip 500 metres wide.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||2000-2005||187-10,670 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||2000-2005||4-120 adults only||medium||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||2000-2005||18-4,550 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||winter||2000-2005||250-29,100 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||2000-2005||8-245 adults only||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|Smew Mergellus albellus||winter||2000-2005||18-350 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||winter||2000-2005||185-5,135 adults only||good||A1, A4i||Endangered|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2000-2005||1-35 adults only||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||winter||2000-2005||1,820-208,036 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius||breeding||2001||2 adults only||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis||resident||2001||1 adults only||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Great Tit Parus major||resident||2001||6 adults only||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta||breeding||2001||1 adults only||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama||breeding||1997-1998||5 adults only||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Warbler Sylvia nana||breeding||2001||1 adults only||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2000-2005||19,277-286,634 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dengizkulskiy||Wildlife Refuge||50,000||protected area contains site||49,658|
|Lake Dengizkul||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||31,300||protected area contained by site||31,300|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||8%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Other biodiversity Mammals include badger and jackal and there are colonies of gerbils and jerboas. Reptiles include Teratoscincus scincus, Varanus griseus (IUCN Red List species) and Phrynocephalus interscapularis. Amphibians include Bufo viridis. There are many different spiders here including karakurt and phalanx. Fish include Stizostedion lucioperca and Cyprinus carpio. There are numerous small sandhoppers which provide plentiful food for fish and birds. Vegetative associations consist of coastal thickets of reed and reed mace. On the shore there are several associations of desert vegetation and a poorly developed tugai association.
Protection status Dengizkul Ornithological Reserve was created by a Decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR №530 in 1973. Validity of this was prolonged by a decision of the Buhara Regional Executive Committee №157/11 from 26.06.90. In October 2001 Dengizkul lake was included in the list of wetlands of international importance (Ramsar site No.1108).
References Atadjanov, A., Filatov, A., Lanovenko, Y., Zagrebin, S., Chernogaev, E., Khodjaev, J. Aerial Survey of Wetlands in Uzbekistan (winter 2000). Report of the project RSGF "Protection of Uzbekistan's Wetlands and their Waterfowl". Part 3. Tashkent, June 2001. IWC National data base (2003-2005) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2004) Busuttil S. An ornithological survey of globally threatened birds. INTERIM REPORT. UZBEKISTAN REPORT. January and April 2000 // OSME, Sandgrouse (engl).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dengizkul Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014
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