|Location||Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad|
|Central coordinates||61o 26.24' West 10o 35.11' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Caroni Swamp is an estuarine mangrove swamp on the west coast of Trinidad comprising roughly 6000 ha. The swamp is bordered to the north and northeast by highways, residential and commercial development. Towards the south and east of the swamp, sugarcane cultivation has given way in recent years to mixed agriculture and housing. On the western margin of the swamp and extending down the west coast of Trinidad are extensive coastal mudflats
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber||winter||2006||15,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2007||unknown||-||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Caroni Swamp||Prohibited Area||200||protected area contained by site||0|
|Caroni Swamp||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||8,398||protected area contained by site||0|
|Caroni Swamp Reserve||Forest Reserve||3,289||protected area contained by site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity There are no endemic species recorded from Caroni Swamp, but the site is important for the local population of Silky Anteaters Cyclopes didactylus and Crab-eating Raccoon Procyon cancrivorus.
Protection status Most of the Caroni Swamp is a prohibited area with entry by permit only and was designated a Ramsar site of international importance in 2005.
References Anon (1999); Bacon, P.R. (1970); Bildstein, K.L. (1990); ffrench, R.P. (1977); ffrench, R. (1991); ffrench, R.P. and Haverschmidt, F. (1970)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Caroni Swamp. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014
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