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Location Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad
Central coordinates 61o 9.51' West  10o 11.16' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 52,396 ha
Altitude 0 - 303m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve is found at the southeast corner of Trinidad. The reserve comprises in excess of 50000 ha and is mainly forested. However, there are a few farms and small settlements within the reserve and a number of roads and pipelines pass through. Much of the area is currently leased to the State-owned petroleum company for exploration and extraction of oil, which in part provides some degree of protection, at least against shifting agriculture and bush fires. Within the reserve the Trinity Hills rise to 303m and represent the eastern end of the Southern Range. The hillsides of the Trinity Hills are very steep and provide an element of protection. Surrounding habitation includes a fishing village to the east, several oil installations, and service providers to the oil and natural gas industries. The area is a favoured location for hunters.

Key Biodiversity The Victoria-Mayaro Reserve is infrequently visited by birdwatchers due in part to the long distance from the main population centres. In 1972 the Trinity Hills Wildlife Sanctuary was thought to hold the last surviving Trinidad Piping-guans, as at this time there were no recent records from the Northern Range. One credible record of Piping Guans was made for the area in 2000, but this record was not submitted to the local records committee. Nevertheless the site offers the possibility of a second population of the critically endangered Trinidad Piping–guan. The site is also of national importance to the birds and terrestrial mammals as it represents one of the largest areas of intact forest in Trinidad and Tobago.

Non-bird biodiversity: The Trinidad and Tobago endemic frog Eleutherodactylus urichi is found at the Trinity hills and surrounding forest

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trinidad Piping-guan Pipile pipile resident  2000  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Critically Endangered 
Copper-rumped Hummingbird Amazilia tobaci resident  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Trinity Hills Game Sanctuary 8,246 protected area contained by site 0  
Victoria Mayo Reserve Forest Reserve 53,727 protected area contained by site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other minor
Notes: silviculture
agriculture -
Notes: Non-forested areas include agricultural fields within and encroach on the periphery of the reserve and one area of pasture of roughly 50 ha.
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: A major natural gas pipeline corridor crosses the reserve.

Protection status The IBA selected includes the entire Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve which includes the Trinity Hills Wildlife Sanctuary. The wildlife sanctuary is approximately 7500 ha.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Bacon, P.B. and R.P. ffrench (1972); Beard, J.S.,. ;Hayes, F. E. (2006)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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