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Location Uzbekistan, Surkhandarya
Central coordinates 66o 59.73' East  37o 22.68' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 10,693 ha
Altitude 273 - 295m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description The IBA is situated 23 km to the NW of Termez town, in the first floodplain terrace of the Amudarya river between Kaptarhona and Sholiker villages (on the border with Afghanistan). It is 1.5-6 km wide and about 30 km long. The Amudarya river is on the south and south-west boundary, loess precipices which border the first and second floodplain terraces, waterlogged areas and reedbeds are the natural borders of the site. There are also rice and winter wheat fields, sandbanks, rivers, stream, marshes, canals and roads.

Key Biodiversity Investigations on the adjoining areas were carried out at the beginning of the 20th century (Zarudny, Bilkevich, 1918), and in 1960s-70s (Salihbaev, Ostapenko, 1964; Stepanyan, 1972, Ostapenko and others, 1978). As a result the bird list of this region is about 230 species. Winter IBA surveys in 2003-2005 recorded 59 species, including the globally threatened Pelecanus crispus, Anser erythropus, Aythya nyroca, Aquila clanga, Aquila heliaca and Tetrax tetrax. Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Ciconia nigra, Ciconia ciconia, Haliaeetus albicilla, Aquila chrysaetos and Aquila nipalensis are included in the National Red Data Book. This site is internationally important for wintering and migratory waterbirds. 55,868 birds of 30 species wintering here in 2003. The dominant species were: Anser anser (31,010 individuals), Anas platyrhynchos (5,728) and Grus grus (11,652). There were 68,881 birds of 38 species in 2004. The dominant species were: Anser anser (17,512 individuals), Anas platyrhynchos (14,057), Grus grus (22,169) and Vanellus vanellus (2,193). 39,811 birds of 40 species were recorded in 2005. Dominant species were: Anser anser (5,942 individuals), Anas platyrhynchos (9,360) and Grus grus (10,745). Local rangers reported flocks of several tens of Marmaronetta angustirostris regularly in September.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals recorded in the area include jackal (Canis aureus), wild cats (Felis chaus and Felis manul), wild boar and the globally endangered Bukhara Deer. There are House Mice and Green Toads in the fields. Dice snake can be seen in the canals. There are catfish, Crucian carp, Common carp and the introducted Snakehead. There are also 2 rare species of Shovelnose sturgeon. There are reeds and tamarisk bushes on the banks. Wild poplar and clematis are reminders of former tugai forests. There are bushes of Iriantus along the canals and Karelinia in wet places. The majority of the site is covered with cultivated rice and winter wheat fields. Uncultivated fields are overgrown with reed and wormwood.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus winter  2003-2005  54-500 adults only  good  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2003-2005  5,942-31,010 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2003-2005  5,728-15,781 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris passage  2001-2005  100 individuals  medium  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2003-2005  9-2,211 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  2005  common  A1  Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2005  6 individuals  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax winter  2003-2005  150-2,000 adults only  good  A1  Near Threatened 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo passage  2005  140-1,500 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  2001-2005  6,010-22,169 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2003-2005  39,811-68,881 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2006 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   85%
Wetlands (inland)   15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 85%
Notes: Rise and winter wheat are grown on the fields.
military 100%
Notes: This territory is a borderland and protected by military. Access to IBA is limited for everyone.
water management minor
Notes: Water from Amudarya comes to canals by a pumping station< which situated into the big bilding.

References IWC National Data Base (2003-2005) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2005)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Amudarya floodlands near Termez. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife