|Central coordinates||63o 18.90' East 41o 56.97' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||120 - 200m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description The lake is situated in the central part of the Kyzylkum desert 20 km to the south of Uchkuduk town. It is a large brackish lake, created in a basin of warm water artesian wells, in a hollow with no outflow. The total area of the lake system is constantly increasing due to the wells and a large catchment area. The water levels fluctuate seasonally, being at their lowest in August. The general size of the lakes is about 10 km by 2-4 km. Clay cliffs occur on the northern and eastern shores. In winter, in the vicinity of the wells, the lake does not freeze and many birds concentrate there. Although only a few sites have been formally proposed under the A3 biome-restricted criteria (for biome CA04b Eurasian Desert and Semi-desert), many of the IBAs in the Kyzylkum Desert region support populations of biome-restricted species and, effectively, form a network of sites throughout the area.
Key Biodiversity The Rogatoe lake system is situated in the centre of the desert between the Amudar’ya and Syrdar’ya rivers, therefore it is very important for migratory birds. Migrants are attracted by the variety of habitats (reedbeds, deep water and open brackish shoals), rich feeding areas and comparative calmness. The breeding bird community is typical of reservoirs in desert areas: Podiceps cristatus, Podiceps ruficollis, Fulica atra, Gallinula chloropus, Netta rufina, Anas platyrhynchos. Sterna hirundo, Sterna albifrons, Gelochelidon nilotica, Himantopus himantopus and, in some years, Recurvirostra avosetta. Vanellus leucura and Charadrius alexandrinus are numerous. Passeriformes (practically all inhabitants of reed thickets) include Locustella luscinioides, Acrocephalus melanopogon, Acrocephalus stentoreus, Acrосephalus agriсola, Panurus biarmicus and Remiz macronyx. In the adjoining ravines good numbers of Tadorna tadorna and Tadorna ferruginea nest. There is also a high number of nesting and migrant immature Bubo bubo which is typical for desert reservoirs. The variety of migratory species is very large. More than 200 species have been recorded, many of them being very numerous especially ducks, sandpipers, predators and Passeriformes. Significant number of birds stay throughout the winter on the unfrozen shoals and stretches near the thermal wells.
Non-bird biodiversity: In the vicinity of the lake, in the desert and on the plateau Gazella subgutturosa is rather common. It uses the lakes and wells for drinking. On the adjacent plateau there are isolated colonies of rare species of jerboas - Turkmen Jerboa, Bobrinski's Jerboa and Lichtenstein's jerboa - Allactaga bobrinskii, Jaculus turcmenicus and Jaculus lichtensteini. Equus hemionus formerly occurred. Similarly Sus scrofa is now rarely encountered. There is an isolated population of Meles meles. Vulpes corsac and Vulpes vulpes are usual. Felis libyca and Vormela peregusna are numerous. There is a rich fauna of reptiles, among them Agrionemys (Testudo) horsfieldi, Varanus griseus, Eryx miliaris and Phrynocephalus reticulatus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna||passage||1979-2006||53-800 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata||passage||1979-2006||224-6,000 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Garganey Spatula querquedula||passage||1979-2006||169-6,800 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||passage||1979-2006||660-2,750 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||passage||1979-2006||7-60 adults only||good||A1||Near Threatened|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||passage||1979-2006||91-370 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||passage||1979-2006||40-500 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Chlamydotis undulata||breeding||1979-2006||10-30 adults only||medium||A1||Not Recognised|
|Common Crane Grus grus||passage||1979-2006||200-2,000 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Himantopus himantopus||passage||1979-2006||260-400 adults only||good||A4i||Not Recognised|
|Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata||passage||1979-2006||180-1,500 adults only||good||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Little Tern Sternula albifrons||passage||1979-2006||100-300 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||passage||1979-2006||20,000 individuals||-||A4iii|
|2006||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Residential and commercial development||tourism and recreation areas||past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Reports about field researching in August 2005 and April 2006 (in Russian) O.V. Mitropolskiy’s archival materials for 1990-1999. (in Russian)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rogatoe Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2016
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