|Central coordinates||65o 34.18' East 38o 22.28' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||375 - 391m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description The site is situated 45 km southwest of the town of Karshi, on the border of reclaimed land and the desert. The length of reservoir is 14 km; average width, 5.5 km (widest point 7 km); average depth is 20.0 m (deepest point 40 m). The reservoir is fed by water from the Amudarya river through the main Karshi canal. Water quality depends on that of the Amudarya river. Water salinity is constant in the region of 0.7-0.8 g/l. The reservoir does not freeze and has limited vegetation cover. The gently sloping shores are covered with sparse arid vegetation impoverished as a result of overgrazing by cattle. Thickets of tamarisk occur in some places.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||winter||2000-2004||1,020-37,902 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||2000-2004||8,139-34,734 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||2000||50 adults only||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus||passage||2007||300 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo||passage||2007||6,005 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2000-2004||57,022-66,698 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Lands in the coastal part of the water body are used as pastures for domestic cattle. All the year round, the water body is used as the watering pond for small cattle.|
|Notes: If used for fisheries under the long-term rent, it will bring about practically non-regulated and uncontrolled catch of fish.|
|Notes: The water body is significantly affected by water management conditions. Water discharges depending on the agricultural needs reach 80%. This prevents the formation of the nesting avian fauna on the water body.|
Other biodiversity The following species inhabiting desert and semi-desert areas were recorded: rodents by gerbils and Long-clawed Ground Squirrel; Muskrat inhabits areas bordering canals and collector water courses; predators by Vulpes vulpes karagan, Golden Jackal and Steppe Cat; and reptiles by Steppe Agama. Fish in the reservoir include sazan and, cat-fish. Tree-shrub vegetation in the coastal zone has almost been lost to agricultural development, collection of firewood by local residents and overgrazing by cattle. Small areas of sparse thickets of tamarisk, saltwort and Artemisia sp. can be found and Koreleniya grows in the damp depressions.
References Atadjanov, A., Filatov, A., Lanovenko, Y., Zagrebin, S., Chernogaev, E., Khodjaev, J. (2001) Aerial Survey of Wetlands in Uzbekistan (winter 2000). Report of the project RSGF "Protection of Uzbekistan's Wetlands and their Waterfowl". Part 3. Tashkent, June 2001. IWC National Data Base (2003-2005) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2004)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Talimarzhan Reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2013
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