email a friend
printable version
Location Uzbekistan, Bukhoro
Central coordinates 64o 40.33' East  39o 15.03' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 1,555 ha
Altitude 250 - 252m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description This site is situated 30 km to the SE of Bukhara city. Zekry was formed in the beginning of the 1990s as a result of emergency evacuation of water from a drainage network to the naturally low sand desert. Currently it is a shallow reservoir with a gently sloping shore and well developed reedbeds. There are tamarisk bushes along the lakeside. The water is brackish and comes to the lake through the collector channel. The lake floods extensively during times of high waterlevels. The site is important for concentrations of migrating and wintering waterbirds.

Key Biodiversity During four winter counts 42 species were recorded including the globally endangered species - Pelicanus crispus, Aythya nyroca, Oxyura leucocephala and Aegypius monachus. Phalacrocoraх pygmaeus, Pelecanus crispus, Cygnus olor, Cygnus cygnus, Aythya nyroca, Оxуurа leucocephala, Haliaeetus albicilla, Aquila nipalensis and Larus ichthyaetus are included in the National Red Book. Fulica atra and Anser anser dominate wintering numbers in different years. Subdominant species are Aythya ferina, Netta rufina and Anas clypeata.

Non-bird biodiversity: Jackal, Steppe Cat and Libyan Jird are common in the area. Fish include common carp, rudd, khramulya and zander. In the adjoining sand desert are Tolay hare, Great gerbil, Brandt's hedgehog, Corsac fox, Steppe tortoise, Desert monitor are Phrynocerhalus interscapularis. Desert monitor is included on the IUCN Red List. Plants are represented by typical desert associations.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2000-2005  26-25,546 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2000-2009  3,027-17,785 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  2000-2004  1-185 adults only  good  A1  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2003-2006  9-52 adults only  good  A1  Endangered 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2005-2006  5-35 adults only  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  2000-2005  7,767-19,600 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2000-2009  23,390-43,756 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2006 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   5%
Shrubland   5%
Desert   10%
Wetlands (inland)   80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
fisheries/aquaculture 40%

References IWC National Data base (2003-2005) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2005)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zekry Lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife