|Central coordinates||68o 45.37' East 40o 52.67' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||245 - 277m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description The "Balikchi" Fish-farm is situated in the flat country of NE Uzbekistan, 5-6 km to the south of the town of Chinaz on the right bank of the Sirdarya river. This territory belongs to the Low-Chirchic district of Tashkent region and borders on Sirdarya region. "Balikchi" is one of the unique non-natural reservoirs in the middle stretches of the Sirdarya river. It became operational in 1961. Fish are raised from eggs to a marketable weight. There are finishing and breeding ponds and an experimental acclimatization section here. There are two sources of water supply: by gravity from a canal from the Chirchik river and a pump station on the Sirdarya river. Water is released by gravity into the Sirdarya river. The climate is rather wet, with 300-700 mm of atmospheric precipitation a year.
Key Biodiversity The ecological conditions at the "Balikchi" Fish-farm (rich feeding and places to rest and nest) attract many waterbirds, especially piscivorous species. 104 species have been recorded. Aythya nyrоса and Coracias garrulus are included on the IUCN List of threatened animal species. Pelecanus onocrotalus, Phalacrocoraх pygmaeus, Egretta garzetta, Platalea leucorodia, Ciconia ciconia, Aythya nyrоса, Pandion haliaetus, Haliaeetus albicilla and Larus ichthyaetus are included in the National Red Book (2006).
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals include nutria and jackal; amphibians and reptiles Rana ridibunda, Bufo viridis, Natrix tessellata, Pseudopus apodus, Vipera renardi, Coluber sp., Ablepharus pannonicus; fish Cyprinus carpio, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Ctenopharygodon idella, Ictalurus punctatus, Channa argus and Gambusia afinis. Wild poplar, osier willow, oleaster, Oriental plane and White poplar grow here. There are reedbeds on the shores of active ponds and tamarisk bushes on abandoned ponds.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||passage||2006||434 adults only||good||A1||Near Threatened|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||passage||1990-1993||320-1,115 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|White Stork Ciconia ciconia||passage||1996-2006||47-400 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia||passage||1996||270 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Grey Heron Ardea cinerea||passage||2000||1,300 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||resident||2006||721-3,249 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||resident||1992-2006||55-3,000 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus||passage||1992||7,400 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1992||20,000 individuals||-||A4iii|
|2006||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References 1.Data of the count of watebirds in "Balikchi" fish-station 12.12.2005 (in Russian) 2.E. Shernazarov (2006) Report on field surveys of IBA Balikchi (in Russian)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Balykchi Fish Farm. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/01/2015
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