|Central coordinates||67o 29.25' East 37o 24.90' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||330 - 380m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description Aktepe Reservoir, and adjoining lakes, are situated in the south of Uzbekistan, 22-25 km NE of the town of Termez and 7 km SE of the town of Jarkurgan, in the valley of the River Surkhandarya. It is situated in the sandy desert on the border of developed land. The area is hilly and the coastline is indented; in some places, it is precipitous. There are three islets with precipitous shores in the reservoir. Around the reservoir, there are shoreline thickets of reed, tugai forest and a sandy desert. A small canal flows into the SE part of the reservoir, feeding it with the water from the Amuzang canal. The average depth is 6.5 m. The water flow is regulated. There is a wastewater canal in the SE part of the reservoir. There is a chain of small lakes situated 7 km to the south of the reservoir, which include the so-called Three Lakes. The water level and salinity in these lakes have not been studied. In winter, these water bodies are not frozen. It is suggested that the IBA will include two sites. The first will cover the water area of the reservoir and the coastal strip 200-300 m in width (a buffer zone), which will stretch along the border of the Akteoe Natural Park of local importance (1,300 ha). The second site will cover the territory of the Three Lakes (1,300 ha). Although only a few sites have been formally proposed under the A3 biome-restricted criteria (for biome CA04b Eurasian Desert and Semi-desert), many of the IBAs in the Kyzylkum Desert region support populations of biome-restricted species and, effectively, form a network of sites throughout the area.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||winter||2003-2006||20-357 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||winter||2003-2006||167-751 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||2003-2006||444-2,687 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|European Roller Coracias garrulus||breeding||2006||30 adults only||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2003-2004||21,267-26,354 individuals||good||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Natural park Aktepe||National Park||1,034||protected area contained by site||1,034|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||75%|
Other biodiversity Typical animals of the tugai forest include Wolf, Pheasant, Shikra, Turkestan Tit and Nightingale. Of vertebrates, many widespread fish species occur - rudd, cat-fish, pike perch, sazan, (bred as a result of cross breeding with carp) and introduced Silver Carp. Nutria inhabits the adjoining lakes. Grass snake, as well as marsh frog and common toad can be encountered near the water. Yellow souslik, small and large jerboas, tolai hare, corsac fox, grey monitor, Phrynocephalus interscapularis and Horsfield’s tortoise inhabit areas of sandy desert. National Red Data Book species recorded are the vulnerable, declining and patchily distributed insect species Tugay Blue (Glaucopsyche charibdis) and Turanga Sphinx (Laothoe philerema); the declining endemic subspecies of fish - Barbus capito, Sharpray (Capoetobrama kuschakewitschi) and Aral Goldside Loach (Sabanejewia aurata, included in the IUCN Red List, category DD); and the reptiles, grey monitor (Varanus griseus) and cobra (Naja oxiana included in the IUCN Red List, category DD).
References Unpublished works Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2006) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2005) The report of the field trip of 7 to 14 June 2006 within the project “Most important ornithological territories of Uzbekistan (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2014
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