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Location Uzbekistan, Kashkadarya
Central coordinates 65o 3.60' East  38o 40.57' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 6,363 ha
Altitude 276 - 298m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description The site is located on the border of the reclaimed zone and Avazchul desert not far from the border with Turkmenistan, 60 km from Karshi city (Kashkadariya region). The relief is flat. In some damper places there are saline areas with thickets of tamarisk but generally the site has only sparse grass cover. There are thickets of tall saxaul on the south-east bank of the lake. Achinskoe lake is a water storage reservoir, with a length of about 20 km. and a maximum width of about 4 km. The banks are flat. Surface vegetation is represented by a narrow strip of reeds. There is a little reed-mace. Water comes to the lake from the Southern collector canal. Although only a few sites have been formally proposed under the A3 biome-restricted criteria (for biome CA04b Eurasian Desert and Semi-desert), many of the IBAs in the Kyzylkum Desert region support populations of biome-restricted species and, effectively, form a network of sites throughout the area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2004-2005  20-18,712 adults only  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  2004-2005  2,367-12,034 adults only  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  2000-2005  308-4,646 adults only  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  2000-2005  1,066 adults only  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax winter  2004  91 adults only  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  2000-2005  1,982-155,560 adults only  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  2000-2005  5-2,882 adults only  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2000-2005  28,711-175,687 individuals  medium  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   3%
Desert   27%
Wetlands (inland)   70%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
fisheries/aquaculture 30%
Notes: Namely fishing nets are setting on shallow water; rules of clearing a reservoir from unusable nests are ignored. On the reservoir constantly present people and boats. The lake is being used as a watering place for fine horned livestock.
water management 100%
Notes: Earth in immediate proximity from a reservoir is used only as pastures and drinking places for cattle. Achikul lake, being a waste reservoir, is exposed to seriously influence first of all from water use.

Other biodiversity Typical representatives of desert fauna include: great and midday gerbils, jerboas and corsac fox. Reptiles include Phrynocephalus interscapularis and snake-eyed lizard. There are many nocturnal ground beetles and grasshoppers/crickets. Fish include common carp, pike-perch, snake-heads and roach. In the evenings green toads can be heard. The shoreline vegetation is represented by a narrow strip of reed. In some area there are thickets of tamarisk. The southeast shore is one of the few places in the Kashkadariya region where large contiguous stands of saxaul remains.

References Atadjanov, A., Filatov, A., Lanovenko, Y., Zagrebin, S., Chernogaev, E., Khodjaev, J. Aerial Survey of Wetlands in Uzbekistan (winter 2000). Report of the project RSGF "Protection of Uzbekistan's Wetlands and their Waterfowl". Part 3. Tashkent, June 2001. IWC National Database(2003-2005) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2004)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Achinskoe Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

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