|Central coordinates||65o 3.60' East 38o 40.57' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||276 - 298m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description The site is located on the border of the reclaimed zone and Avazchul desert not far from the border with Turkmenistan, 60 km from Karshi city (Kashkadariya region). The relief is flat. In some damper places there are saline areas with thickets of tamarisk but generally the site has only sparse grass cover. There are thickets of tall saxaul on the south-east bank of the lake. Achinskoe lake is a water storage reservoir, with a length of about 20 km. and a maximum width of about 4 km. The banks are flat. Surface vegetation is represented by a narrow strip of reeds. There is a little reed-mace. Water comes to the lake from the Southern collector canal. Although only a few sites have been formally proposed under the A3 biome-restricted criteria (for biome CA04b Eurasian Desert and Semi-desert), many of the IBAs in the Kyzylkum Desert region support populations of biome-restricted species and, effectively, form a network of sites throughout the area.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||winter||2004-2005||20-18,712 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||2004-2005||2,367-12,034 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||2000-2005||308-4,646 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis||winter||2000-2005||1,066 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax||winter||2004||91 adults only||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||winter||2000-2005||1,982-155,560 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Crane Grus grus||winter||2000-2005||5-2,882 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2000-2005||28,711-175,687 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Namely fishing nets are setting on shallow water; rules of clearing a reservoir from unusable nests are ignored. On the reservoir constantly present people and boats. The lake is being used as a watering place for fine horned livestock.|
|Notes: Earth in immediate proximity from a reservoir is used only as pastures and drinking places for cattle. Achikul lake, being a waste reservoir, is exposed to seriously influence first of all from water use.|
Other biodiversity Typical representatives of desert fauna include: great and midday gerbils, jerboas and corsac fox. Reptiles include Phrynocephalus interscapularis and snake-eyed lizard. There are many nocturnal ground beetles and grasshoppers/crickets. Fish include common carp, pike-perch, snake-heads and roach. In the evenings green toads can be heard. The shoreline vegetation is represented by a narrow strip of reed. In some area there are thickets of tamarisk. The southeast shore is one of the few places in the Kashkadariya region where large contiguous stands of saxaul remains.
References Atadjanov, A., Filatov, A., Lanovenko, Y., Zagrebin, S., Chernogaev, E., Khodjaev, J. Aerial Survey of Wetlands in Uzbekistan (winter 2000). Report of the project RSGF "Protection of Uzbekistan's Wetlands and their Waterfowl". Part 3. Tashkent, June 2001. IWC National Database(2003-2005) Wetland International IWC Data Base (2003-2004)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Achinskoe Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/03/2014
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