|Central coordinates||62o 59.97' East 42o 4.85' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||50 - 100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Site description A brackish lake artificially created by artesian wells situated in the lowest part of the Minbulak hollow in the Central Kyzylkum. Water levels are affected by atmospheric precipitation and show a small amount of seasonal fluctuation. However, in general, there appears to be a steady increase, both in water levels and the general area of the lake. Throughout the observation period the area of reedbeds has increased. As the lake is up to 15-20 m. deep, the borders of the reedbeds are well defined. On the shore water-tolerant shrubby and grassy vegetation is well developed. The lake is surrounded by barkhan sands. Aksay lake is located in the central part of the Kyzylkum desert, 50 km to the west of Uchkuduk city and 25 km to south-east of Minbulak settlement.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||passage||2006||40-100 individuals||poor||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||passage||2005-2006||10-150 adults only||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||passage||2005||2-30 adults only||poor||A1||Endangered|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||passage||2005-2006||55-400 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus||passage||1993||50-270 adults only||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Corncrake Crex crex||passage||1993-2006||2-40 adults only||poor||A1||Least Concern|
|Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo||passage||1993-2006||100-2,000 adults only||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus||breeding||2006||5 breeding pairs||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Great Tit Parus major||resident||2006||20-40 adults only||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta||resident||2006||15-25 adults only||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama||breeding||2006||50-100 adults only||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Warbler Sylvia nana||breeding||2006||20-50 adults only||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus||resident||2006||30-50 adults only||good||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: On southern coast of lake there is a personal farm of herder. Its territory is enclosed by material at hand.|
|Notes: The artesian chink with hot water functions. In 1970-1990 the lake was a summer pleasure resort for people from Uchkuduk city, in autumn and winter – for fishers and hunters. Now it’s not a pleasure resort any more. Earth roads became difficult to traverse and visiting the lake by people sharply reduced. Sometimes fishers (it is introduced a lot of fish in the lake) and hunters come.|
Other biodiversity Sus scrofa was formerly numerous in the reedbeds being met in hundreds, but is now practically exterminated. Gazella subgutturosa subgutturosa regularly drink from the lake. In the coastal dunes Varanus griseus is typical. They concentrate here especially during droughts and hunt mainly on birds. In the vicinity of the lake are rare species of jerboas – Jaculus turcmenicus, Allactaga bobrinskii and Eremodipus lichtensteini. Red Data Book species are: mammals - Gazella subgutturosa; reptiles – Varanus griseus.
References Notes of field researches in August 2005 and June 2006. Notes of Mitropolsky O.V.'s field researches in 1970-1999.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Aksay Lake and surrounding desert. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/03/2014
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