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Location Lebanon, North Lebanon
Central coordinates 35o 56.03' East  34o 12.47' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4iv
Area 600 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 1,835m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Society for the Protection of Nature and Natural Resources in Lebanon

Summary This IBA is located in the north of the Mount Lebanon range. A very high breeding density of Syrian Serins was reported here in 2001-2002. At least 15 species of soaring bird were seen migrating over the site in 2005. The reserve is part of the largest remaining Cedar forest in Lebanon, and supports a wide range of mammals and 71 species of birds.

Site description Tannourine Cedar NR is part of the largest remaining cedar forest in Lebanon (www. and is situated on the western flanks of the Mount Lebanon range, just to the south of the famous Qadisha valley

Key Biodiversity A very high breeding density of Syrian Serins was reported here in 2001 and 2002(Ramadan-Jaradi & Ramadan-Jaradi 2002). At least 15 species of soaring bird are known to migrate over this site including large flocks of White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus. The Biome-restricted White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis,which is known to breed at only three other sites in Lebanon, has bred for several years on the boundaries of the reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  2001-2002  124 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  2005  20,000-49,999  poor  A4iv   

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium favourable high

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican 900 900 individuals 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arz Tannourine Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 195  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   75%
Grassland   5%
Shrubland   20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major
agriculture minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tannourine Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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