Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
69o 53.57' East 41o 12.25' North
1,100 - 3,262m
Year of IBA assessment
Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)
Site description South-west spurs of Chatkal ridge, upper reaches of Kyzylsay river basin, inflow of Ahangaransay river.
Key Biodiversity Ornithological fauna includes 134 species of birds, including 110 nesting (Lanovenko, 1997). Ornithological complex of typical mountains and alpine and high mountains including: Aegypius monachus, Gyps fulvus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco tinnunculus, Alectoris chukar, Columba palumbus, Otus scops, Merops apiaster, Anthus spinoletta, Motacilla cinerea, Phoenicurus ochruros, Oenanthe pleschanka, Turdus viscivorus, Phylloscopus griseolus, Parus bokharensis, Oriolus oriolus, Lanius minor, Corvus corone, Emberiza bruniceps.
The introduced Acritheres tristis penetrates into the IBA’s territory from bordering shepherds' camps. Currently the species only breeds in the surrounding farmland.
The following species of birds from the National Red Book also occur: Ciconia nigra, Gypaetus barbatus, Gyps himalayensis, Gyps fulvus, Circaetus gallicus, Aquila chrysaetos, Hieraaetus pennatus, Falco pelegrinoides. IUCN Red List species are: Aegypius monachus, Falco naumanni, Falco cherrug (all breeding) and Circus macrourus and Aquila clanga (passage).
Non-bird biodiversity: The fauna includes 2 species of amphibian, 10 species of reptile, 31 species of mammal and 3 species of fish. Of the fish, Cottus jaxartensis is included in the National Red Book, as are the mammals - Rhinolophus hipposideros, Tadarida teniotis and Ursus arctos. IUCN Red List mammals are Marmota menzbieri and Uncia uncia.
The flora includes 1,036 species of vascular plants. Widely distributed are juniper, poplar and apple forests, wheat and prickly grasses.
Protection status The Bashkyzylsay part of the Chatkal reserve.
References Annals of nature Chatkal Biosphere reserve 1956-1991; 2002-2005. These Annals include ornithological accounts of regular monitoring by Komarova between 1980 and 1986 and ornithological research reports by the deputy director of the reserve, E.N.Lanovenko, between 1993 and 1999.
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BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 28/01/2015
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife