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Location Uzbekistan, Tashkent
Central coordinates 69o 53.57' East  41o 12.25' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 11,431 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 3,262m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description South-west spurs of Chatkal ridge, upper reaches of Kyzylsay river basin, inflow of Ahangaransay river.

Key Biodiversity Ornithological fauna includes 134 species of birds, including 110 nesting (Lanovenko, 1997). Ornithological complex of typical mountains and alpine and high mountains including: Aegypius monachus, Gyps fulvus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco tinnunculus, Alectoris chukar, Columba palumbus, Otus scops, Merops apiaster, Anthus spinoletta, Motacilla cinerea, Phoenicurus ochruros, Oenanthe pleschanka, Turdus viscivorus, Phylloscopus griseolus, Parus bokharensis, Oriolus oriolus, Lanius minor, Corvus corone, Emberiza bruniceps. The introduced Acritheres tristis penetrates into the IBA’s territory from bordering shepherds' camps. Currently the species only breeds in the surrounding farmland. The following species of birds from the National Red Book also occur: Ciconia nigra, Gypaetus barbatus, Gyps himalayensis, Gyps fulvus, Circaetus gallicus, Aquila chrysaetos, Hieraaetus pennatus, Falco pelegrinoides. IUCN Red List species are: Aegypius monachus, Falco naumanni, Falco cherrug (all breeding) and Circus macrourus and Aquila clanga (passage).

Non-bird biodiversity: The fauna includes 2 species of amphibian, 10 species of reptile, 31 species of mammal and 3 species of fish. Of the fish, Cottus jaxartensis is included in the National Red Book, as are the mammals - Rhinolophus hipposideros, Tadarida teniotis and Ursus arctos. IUCN Red List mammals are Marmota menzbieri and Uncia uncia. The flora includes 1,036 species of vascular plants. Widely distributed are juniper, poplar and apple forests, wheat and prickly grasses.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2003  5 adults only  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug unknown  2006  1 adults only  unknown  A1  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2006-2008  6 adults only  good  A1  Near Threatened 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2006  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria breeding  2006  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana resident  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2004-2008  5-25 adults only  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus resident  2006-2008  1-9 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus breeding  2004-2008  1 individuals  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  2004  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium not assessed high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 57,360 protected area contains site 11,103  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   25%
Shrubland   20%
Grassland   17%
Wetlands (inland)   1%
Rocky areas   37%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status The Bashkyzylsay part of the Chatkal reserve.

References Annals of nature Chatkal Biosphere reserve 1956-1991; 2002-2005. These Annals include ornithological accounts of regular monitoring by Komarova between 1980 and 1986 and ornithological research reports by the deputy director of the reserve, E.N.Lanovenko, between 1993 and 1999.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife