|Central coordinates||52o 54.70' East 41o 3.22' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The IBA is located in the western part of the large sea lagoon - the Bay of Garabogazgol - which is separated from the Caspian Sea by a long sandy isthmus. In the central part a narrow passage divides the isthmus into northern and southern sections. This passage, with a width of no more than 300 m and length of no more than 10 km, connects the sea to the bay. The bay has no constant inflows and receives water from the Caspian Sea. There is a delta area where deposition of inorganic substances (salts, sand crystals) and organic materials (seaweed, molluscs), create spits and small islands, a dynamic process affecting the delta and animal populations (fish and birds).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||winter||2007||1,000-12,614 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||winter||2007||1 individuals||medium||A1||Endangered|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2007||min 20,000 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: (border zone)|
Other biodiversity The fauna includes 40 species of mammal, half from which are rodents (21 species), the others being predators (8), chiropterans (5), insectivores (4), ungulates (2). Reptiles are represented by 30 species, the most significant being the snakes Natrix natrix and Natrix tessellata and the Central Asian agama (Agama sanguinolenta). The flora includes more than 370 species of higher plants. The vegetation of the coast consists of halophytic and salsolas communities. Sandy areas though are fixed by vegetation, but it is sparse: ephedra, a few species of Calligonum, Salsola richteri, saxaul (Haloxylon persicum - rare). Carex physodes also occurs sparsely togther with ephemerals.
Protection status Not protected.
References H.I. Atamuradov.(1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. Turkmenistan. (in Russian). A.G. Aganbegyan. Gara-bogaz-gol yesterday, today, tomorrow. - Ashkhabad: Ylym, 1988. (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karabogaz. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014
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