|Central coordinates||52o 52.60' East 40o 47.43' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The IBA is located on the coast of the Caspian Sea between the Garshy (80 km to the north of Turkmenbashy) and the border with Kazakhstan. The site covers a narrow strip of coast (no more than 2-3 km wide) and includes the following areas: from Cape Sue to Garbogazgol (650 hectares); from Garabogazgol to Cape Duldulata (330 hectares); from Cape Duldulata to the Garabogazgol passage (660 hectares); from the Garabogazgol passage to Aim (397 hectares); and from Aim to Garshy (415 hectares). The site, especially the last mentioned, abounds with small coves and bays alternating with underwater and surface stony ridges. In general the coast is low lying and sandy, 50 to 100 m wide with scattered areas of pebbles and bordered by a strip of hilly ridges with fixed sand, in some places forming large barkhan ranges, in the hollows of which there are occasional small patches of saltmarsh (solonchaks).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||2005||133-3,160 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis||winter||2005||8-1,010 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis||winter||2005||312 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||winter||2005||1 individuals||good||A1||Endangered|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||winter||2005||100-10,012 individuals||good||Least Concern|
|Slender-billed Gull Larus genei||passage||2005||9-1,888 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||-||-||present [units unknown]||-||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||5%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: border zone|
Other biodiversity The fauna includes 40 species of mammal, half of which are rodents (21 species), the others are predators (8), chiropterans (5), insectivores (4) and ungulates (2). Reptiles are represented by 30 species, the most significant are snakes Natrix natrix and Natrix tessellata and the Central Asian agama (Agama sanguinolenta). The flora includes more than 370 species of higher plants. The vegetation of the coast is represented by halophytic and salsolas communities. Some sandy areas have fixed vegetation, but this is rare with ephedra, a few species of Calligonum, Salsola richteri, and saxaul (Haloxylon persicum). Carex physodes together with sparse ephemerals also occurs rarely.
Protection status Not protected.
References A.G. Aganbegyan. (1988) Gara-bogaz-gol yesterday, today, tomorrow. - Ashkhabad: Ylym,. (in Russian). H.I. Atamuradov (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. - V.1. - Ashkhabad: Turkmenistan, (in Russian). M. Rajapov. (2002) Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan for Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. (in Russian). M. Rajapov. (2002) Turkmenistan. Country Study on the Status of Biodiversity. Ashgabat. (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Garabogaz - Garshy. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/03/2014
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