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Location Bahamas, Andros
Central coordinates 77o 39.90' West  24o 14.38' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 2,228 ha
Altitude 0 - 7m
Year of IBA assessment 2013

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Mangrove Cay is a significant part of the several islands constituting Andros, lying between Big Wood Cay and South Andros. The population occupies the east side of the island where a mangrove creek runs parellel to the seashore behind the sand dune. The mangrove creek has been severly degraded in places by causeways and other obstacles cutting off the flow of water. The west side of the the island is uninhabited, consisting of pine forest broadleaf coppice and wetlands.

Key Biodiversity The mixed habitat of pine forest, broad-leaf coppice, inland wetland, coastal wetland and coastline provides a rich variety of birdlife. There are the resident birds which include all three endemics of The Bahamas e.g. Bahama Yellowthroat, Bahama Woodstar and Bahama Swallow. The mangrove creek supports a wide variety of waterbirds year round, warblers and migrant shorebirds are present in winter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae resident  2006  < 50 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris resident  2006  < 50 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Bahama Mockingbird Mimus gundlachii resident  2006  < 50 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Bahama Yellowthroat Geothlypis rostrata resident  2006  < 50 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Bahama Oriole Icterus northropi resident  2013  present  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove  major
Coastline   -
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
urban/industrial/transport major
military minor

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp. 2006. Carolyn Wardle and Predensa Moore field trip report to Mangrove Cay and South Andros unpublished document available at Bahamas National Trust.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mangrove Cay. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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