|Location||Haiti, Departement de l'Ouest,Department du Sud-Est|
|Central coordinates||72o 15.00' West 18o 20.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||1,500 - 2,282m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Ornithological information Aux Diablotins is one of the most important sites for nesting of Black-capped Petrels in Haiti. Other endangered include La Selle Trush and Hispaniolan Crossbill, the Vulnerable Hispaniolan Parakeet and Parrots (both not reported for La Visite area), Golden Swallow, Bicknell's Thrush and Western Chat-Tanager. In addition are found endemics such as the Narrow-billed Tody. Last inventory of January-February 2005, included misnetting, sight counting and banding from 5:00 am to 7pm in addition to Petrel surveys on La Visite - Cabaio. Inventory had not been done in the area of Morne d'Enfer and Kaderneau since the 1980s. Due to agriculture in the Grand-Fond and Belle-Fontaine regions and the perception that petrels are bad spirite, it would be wise to have implementation of this IBA as a priority.
Site description Aux Diablotins extends in a narrow band from Morne d'Enfer to Morne Kaderneau (down to 1,500 m north and 1,600 mete south), includes the Massif de la Selle escarpment and occupy approximately 1,500 ha of cliffs. It is bordered by the natural features of the escarpment. Altitude reaches 2282 at Morne Cabaio. Population around Aux Diablotins is made of the former workforce brought in La Scierie area when the pine forest was under national exploitation during the mid 1950's. However, on the north side in Belle-Fontaine, families had been established since colonial times
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata||breeding||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Hispaniolan Parakeet Aratinga chloroptera||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Hispaniolan Amazon Amazona ventralis||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Hispaniolan Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus longirostris||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Mango Anthracothorax dominicus||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Hispaniolan Emerald Chlorostilbon swainsonii||resident||2005||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Hispaniolan Trogon Priotelus roseigaster||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Narrow-billed Tody Todus angustirostris||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Greater Antillean Elaenia Elaenia fallax||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Hispaniolan Pewee Contopus hispaniolensis||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Palm Crow Corvus palmarum||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Golden Swallow Tachycineta euchrysea||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli||winter||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|La Selle Thrush Turdus swalesi||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Antillean Siskin Carduelis dominicensis||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Hispaniolan Crossbill Loxia megaplaga||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Green-tailed Warbler Microligea palustris||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Chat Tanager Calyptophilus frugivorus||resident||2005||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|La Visite||Natural National Park||3,000||protected area contains site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Rocky areas||Inland cliffs||major|
|Forest||Montane broadleaf evergreen; Pine||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity This area is habitat for Plagiodontia aedium. and endemic plants that are only locally found in specific spots such as Morne D'enfer, Morne La Visite, Morne Cabaio etc.
Management considerations Absence of conservation program Lack of political will Lack of financial and human resources Lack of technical resources Introduction of exotic species according to the moment benefactor Very high Habitat destruction Need for production area Economic growth Energy crisis Poverty Low soil fertility that requires more land to produce Absence of a holistic conservation program Lack of law enforcement Laissez-faire due to inaccessibility and austerity of the area Threats of lost of land plot Very high Introduced animals Cats, dogs, mongooses and rats behavior Grazing and soil compacting by cattle Very high Fuelwood extraction Energy needs Availability of trees Prohibitive price of other source of cooking energy Climate reaching temperature around 1 to 5°C Very high Endemic species extraction Existing market for ornementals particularly ferns and epiphytes. Very high Demography Demographic growth, family profile Isolation to comprehensive development programs Lack of education Pressure on land and forest resources Narrow horizons to young generation Ignorance of the carrying capacity value Very high Land tenure Absence of protected area delimitation Tragedy of commons Land owner (State) absenteeism Perception of ownership after 25 years on a piece of land Absence of zoning Very high Introduction of exotic species Reforestation programs introducing inadequate tree species Temperate zone vegetable cultivation Species escaped to domestication compete with endemics Very high Erosion Rain and flash flood Very High Conversion to agriculture Food security program National agricultural action plan Governmental priorities International community fund availability Conversion of cultivated plants into invasives Slash and burn Very High Lost of biodiversity Massive monocultural plantations of pine on area that should not be planted with pine Absence of knowledge in protected area management High Cooking during the planting season Camp fire that attract petrels in fire Accidental forest fires High
Protection status Aux Diablotins is located at the northern border of Parc National La Visite. It had been identify in Woods and Harris (1985) as an important area to develop a core zone because of endemicity, scenic view, protection of endemics and water catchment capacity.
Conservation response Darlington Wetmore and Swales James Bond David Wingate, January-February 1963 - Black-Capped Petrel Charles Woods et al 1975 to 1995. University of Vermont, University of Florida William Oliver - Jersey Wildlife Trust - Biological surveys and Black-Capped Petrel Walter Judd Jose Ottenwalder Bird and endemic mammals, protected areas, University of Florida Heather McPerson - Bird - University of Florida Katherine Graham - Eckerd University, University of Florida Florence Sergile - Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development, Haiti and University of Florida Louis Buteau - Ministry of Environment - director of Appui Technique à la Protection des Parks et Forets project Fabienne Taylor - 1996 - Woldbank Chris Rimmer et al. - 2005 - Vermont Institute of Natural Sciences Eladio Fernandez - Wintrop Attie - Fondation Seguin - 1985 to present Larry Harris - University of Florida. 1985 Leonce Bonnefil - University of Puerto-Rico Liliana Davalos et al. 2001?
Acknowledgements Florence Sergile, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida
References Franz, R and D. Cordier. 1986. Herpetofaunas of the national parks of Haiti. Gainesville, FL: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, USAID/Haiti, Port au Prince, 16 pp. Gali, F. and A. Schwartz. 1986. The butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of Morne la Visite and Pic Macaya, Haiti. USAID/Haiti, Port au Prince, 16 pp. Holdridge, L.R. 1947. The pine forest and adjacent mountain vegetation of Haiti considered from the standpoint of a new climatic classification of plant formations. Unpublished PhD Dissertation. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 186 pp. Judd, W.S. 1986. Floristic study of La Visite and Macaya National Parks, Haiti. USAID/Haiti, Port-au-Prince, 98 pp. Judd, W.S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne la Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 32(1):1-136. MacFadden, B.J. 1986. Geological setting of Macaya and la Visite National Parks, southern peninsula of Haiti. USAID/Haiti, Port au Prince, 33 pp. MDE. 1999. Plan d'action pour l'environnement. Commission Interministérielle sur l'environnement. Portau-Prince. Ministère de l'environnement. Paryski, P., C. A. Woods, and F. E. Sergile. 1989. Conservation strategies and the preservation of biological diversity in Haiti. Pp. 855-878 in: C.A. Woods (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: past, present, and future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL. Rimmer, C., E. G. Gomez, J. L. Brocca. 2005. Ornithological Field Investigations in La Visite National Park, Haiti, 26 January – 1 February 2005. In collaboration with Société Audubon Haïti. Vermont Institute of Natural Science. 24 pp Sergile, F. E. 2001. Status of conservation in Haiti: a 10-year retrospective. Pp. 547-560. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile, editors. Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press: Boca Raton, Florida, 582 p. Sergile, F. E, C. A Woods and P. E Paryski. 1992. Stewardship plan of the national parks of Haiti. Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History Sergile, F. E, and C. A Woods. 1995. La Visite: une leçon particulière. Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History Sergile, F. E, and C. A Woods. 1995. Biodiversity and formation. Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History Thompson, F. G. 1986. Land mollusks of the proposed national parks of Haiti. USAID/Haiti, Port au Prince, 19 pp. USAID. 1987. Country Environmental Profile of Haiti. USAID, Port au Prince, 120 pp. Wetmore, A. and B. Swales. 1931. The birds of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. U.S. National Museum, Bulletin 155:483 pp. Woods, C. A. 1975. Banding and recapture of wintering warblers in Haiti. Bird-Banding 46:344-346. Woods, C. A. and J. A. Ottenwalder. 1983. The montane avifauna of Haiti. Pp. 576-590, 607-622 in: A. C. Risser, Jr. and F. S. Todd (eds.), Proceedings of the Jean Delacour/ICFB Symposium on breeding birds in captivity. International Foundation for the Conservation of Birds, Los Angeles, CA. Woods, C. A. and J. A. Ottenwalder. 1986. The birds of Parc La Visite and Macaya Biosphere Reserve, Haiti. Unpubl. report for USAID/Haiti under contract No. 521-0169-C-00-3083-00, Gainesville, FL. Woods, C. A., and L. Harris. 1986. Stewardship plan for the national parks of Haiti. USAID/Haiti, Port-au-Prince, 272 pp. Woods, C. A., F. E. Sergile, and J. A. Ottenwalder. 1992. Stewardship plan for the national parks and natural areas of Haiti. Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL. Woods, C. A. and F. E. Sergile. 1995. The lessons of La Visite. Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History Woods, C.A. 1987. The threatened and endangered birds of Haiti: lost horizons and new hopes. Second Delacour/IFCB Symposium, Proceedings :385-430. Woods, C.A. 1983. Biological survey of Haiti: Status of the endangered birds and mammals. National Geographic Society Research Reports 15: 759-768. Woods, C.A., and J.A. Ottenwalder. 1983. The montane avifauna of Haiti. Jean Delacour/IFCB Symposium, Proceedings :576-590 + 607-622. Woods, C.A., and R. Rosen. 1977. Evaluation Biologique d'Haiti: Statut du Plagiodontia aedium et Solenodon paradoxus- Recommendations en ce qui concerne les réserves naturelles et les parcs nationaux. MARNE, Port-au-Prince, 32 pp.
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