|Location||Haiti, Departement de l'Ouest|
|Central coordinates||72o 8.20' West 18o 38.12' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Site description Trou Caïman, also known as Dlo gaye is a 2500 hectare freshwater shallow lake, located at N18º38’12’’ and W72º8’20’’, 20 km northeast of Port-au-Prince, in Plaine du Cul-de-Sac at 10 m elevation. Trou Caiman, together with Lake Azuéi and the Enriquillo wetlands in the Dominican Republic, forms part of an ecoregion of outstanding biological value. This important wetland is exploited by 150 local fishermen, by hunters for migratory ducks and visited as in ecotours. Population is estimated at 22,000 people living also on agriculture (sugar cane, sweet potatoes, beans) and artisans (that use reeds and sedges to weave straw products, i. e. baskets, hats, mats). Its proximity to the capital is an opportunity to develop an attractive watchable pond, as suggested by the enabling activity the Societe Audubon Haiti's proposal to the Ministry of Environment, MARNDR and TNC in December 2004.
Key Biodiversity More than 100 species of waterfowl and land birds are found in Trou Caiman. This includes flocks of Greater Flamingos, migratory species and the following endemics: Broad-billed Tody, Hispaniolan Parakeet, Hispaniolan Woodpecker, Palmchat, Hispaniolan Palm and White-necked Crow and Antillean Mango restricted to Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. WIWDs occurred historically, but there are no recent confirmed sightings.
Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: Inventory needs to be updated to identify the endemics, since Haiti counts numerous endemic sedges and reeds.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fulica caribaea||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1||Not Recognised|
|Hispaniolan Amazon Amazona ventralis||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Hispaniolan Parakeet Psittacara chloropterus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Anthracothorax dominicus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Not Recognised|
|Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Broad-billed Tody Todus subulatus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Stolid Flycatcher Myiarchus stolidus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Corvus palmarum||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1, A2||Not Recognised|
|White-necked Crow Corvus leucognaphalus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Palmchat Dulus dominicus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: This important wetland is exploited by 150 local fishermen, by hunters for migratory ducks and visited as in ecotours.|
|Notes: Population is estimated at 22,000 people living also on agriculture (sugar cane, sweet potatoes, beans)|
|energy production and mining||-|
Protection status Although identified as a site to be protected since 1984, Trou Caïman wetland had never been legally protected, and no management actions had been undertaken.
Acknowledgements Florence Sergile, Biodiversity management specialist, Assistant professor, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. Evelyne Bouchereau, Assistant director, Société Audubon Haïti, Evelinebouchereau@audubonhaiti.org Paul Judex Edouarzin, Natural science and environmental education specialist, M.S., biologist and ecologist. Ministry of Environment, Haiti. email@example.com Dimitri Norris, Chief of Biodiversity Management and Erosion Control, Ministry of Environment, Haiti, Dimitrinorris@hotmail.com JR Crouse, Free Methodist Church, Lisa G. Sorenson, Ph.D., Project Coordinator, West Indian Whistling-Duck and Wetlands Conservation Project, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Dept. of Biology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: www.whistlingduck.org
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Trou Caïman. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/02/2016
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