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Location Haiti, Departement de l'Ouest
Central coordinates 72o 8.20' West  18o 38.12' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 1,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description Trou Caïman, also known as Dlo gaye is a 2500 hectare freshwater shallow lake, located at N18º38’12’’ and W72º8’20’’, 20 km northeast of Port-au-Prince, in Plaine du Cul-de-Sac at 10 m elevation. Trou Caiman, together with Lake Azuéi and the Enriquillo wetlands in the Dominican Republic, forms part of an ecoregion of outstanding biological value. This important wetland is exploited by 150 local fishermen, by hunters for migratory ducks and visited as in ecotours. Population is estimated at 22,000 people living also on agriculture (sugar cane, sweet potatoes, beans) and artisans (that use reeds and sedges to weave straw products, i. e. baskets, hats, mats). Its proximity to the capital is an opportunity to develop an attractive watchable pond, as suggested by the enabling activity the Societe Audubon Haiti's proposal to the Ministry of Environment, MARNDR and TNC in December 2004.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fulica caribaea resident  2005  unknown  A1  Not Recognised 
Hispaniolan Amazon Amazona ventralis resident  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Hispaniolan Parakeet Psittacara chloropterus resident  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Anthracothorax dominicus resident  2005  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Tody Todus subulatus resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Stolid Flycatcher Myiarchus stolidus resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Palm Crow Corvus palmarum resident  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
White-necked Crow Corvus leucognaphalus resident  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Palmchat Dulus dominicus resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Forest Mangrove  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
Notes: This important wetland is exploited by 150 local fishermen, by hunters for migratory ducks and visited as in ecotours.
agriculture major
Notes: Population is estimated at 22,000 people living also on agriculture (sugar cane, sweet potatoes, beans)
energy production and mining -

Other biodiversity Flora: Inventory needs to be updated to identify the endemics, since Haiti counts numerous endemic sedges and reeds.

Protection status Although identified as a site to be protected since 1984, Trou Caïman wetland had never been legally protected, and no management actions had been undertaken.

Acknowledgements Florence Sergile, Biodiversity management specialist, Assistant professor, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, fsergile@ufl.edu or fsergile@yahoo.fr. Evelyne Bouchereau, Assistant director, Société Audubon Haïti, Evelinebouchereau@audubonhaiti.org Paul Judex Edouarzin, Natural science and environmental education specialist, M.S., biologist and ecologist. Ministry of Environment, Haiti. judouarzin@yahoo.fr Dimitri Norris, Chief of Biodiversity Management and Erosion Control, Ministry of Environment, Haiti, Dimitrinorris@hotmail.com JR Crouse, Free Methodist Church, Lisa G. Sorenson, Ph.D., Project Coordinator, West Indian Whistling-Duck and Wetlands Conservation Project, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Dept. of Biology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, e-mail: lsoren@bu.edu. URL: www.whistlingduck.org

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Trou Caïman. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife